Rare & Beneficial Plants from Chile

This is only a partial list of the plants and seeds we have available, send $2 ($4 foreign) for our complete paper catalog

To assure we are distributing the highest level of genetic diversity, all of the plants we offer are grown from seed unless noted otherwise

Unless noted otherwise, seed packets contain 15-40+ seeds (with very tiny seed like Gaultheria, Lobelia, etc the seed count is in the hundreds).

We are excited to offer an increasing selection of intriguing Chilean seed carefully harvested for us from wild populations and the plants we’ve grown from this seed. With diverse climates ranging from extreme desert (the dryest in the world!) to mediterranean to temperate to high alpine and even glacial, over 50% of Chile’s plants are endemics and highly adaptable to comparable environments worldwide. Chile is a trove of fascinating edible and medicinal species. Many are exceedingly rare, both in cultivation and the wild. Propagation is vital to thorough conservation.
Explore the wealth of Chile’s botanical heritage!

Aristotelia chilensis “Macqui” “Chilean Wine Berry”

Elaeocarpaceae. Dioecious shrub to 15′. Small white flowers, dark purple-black seedy fruits with a taste similar to tart blueberries. A pioneer plant found mostly in cleared forests and lower mountain hillsides of Chile. The edible fruit are used for brewing wine and chicha, the leaves for sore throats, wound healing, intestinal tumours, and as an analgesic. Recent studies show that the berries have a very high antioxidant value and they are now being promoted as a superfood in the US from “pristine Patagonia”. We put the berries in the blender with a little water, strain the seeds and use the deep purple juice. Easy to grow, prefers rich soil. A good food forest plant, fast growing. Part shade to sun. Fresh seed harvest. Z8a
Seed packet $3.50
10-16″+ plant (unsexed) 1-2+ years old $9.50

Austrocedrus chilensis “Lawan” “Cedro” “Cipres de la Cordillera”

Cupressaceae. Conical shaped coniferous tree to 30–70′. Forms small forests in dry, rocky areas of central Andean Chile and Argentina. Reported to live over 1,500 years. A highly vulnerable species that has been over exploited for its decay resistant strong wood. Wild populations are also dying off due to pathogens, as are many tree species worldwide. Should be widely used for reforestation. Seed needs cold stratification. Z7–8a
Seed packet $3

Azara alpina   “Lilen de la Cordillera”

Flacourtiaceae or Salicaceae. Compact evergreen shrub 2–6′ high. Light green leaves, sweetly fragrant yellow flowers and bright red berries. Native to the higher elevations fo Chile and adjacent Argentina. A charming ornamental shrub recommended for the fragrance of the flowers. Well draining soil and a bright but cool location. Somewhat drought hardy once established. Z8a
Plant 2–3 years old $9.50

Azorella aff. trifurcata   

Apiaceae. Bizarre plant that forms dense, flattened, dark green mats made up of little rosettes of shiny trifurcate leaves. Small yellow flowers. Endemic to the high southern Andes, seed collected by Holubec, Laguna Amargo, Torres el Paine, Chile. Used in ethnomedicine for stomach problems, contains mulinane diterpenoids with gastroprotective properties and a diversity of essential oils with antibacterial and insect repellant action. In cultivation it wants a gritty moist soil and bright light. Avoid scorching sun. With the plants rubbery feel its the perfect thing to line the paths of your rock garden. Rooted offsets from several clones. Z7a
1.5–2″+ plant $12.50

Blechnum cycadifolium  “Juan Fernandez Tree Fern”

Blechnaceae. A gorgeous tree fern with a thick erect trunk to 6’+. Crowned with a rosette of stiff cycad-like leaves. Endemic to Robinson Crusoe and Alejandro Selkirk Islands where it can form dense, otherworldly forests. Needs a moist, rich, well draining soil. Z9a?
Treelet 2-3 years old $22.50

Blechnum magellanicum “Katalapi”

Slow growing fern that may eventually form a small trunk to 3’+ high. Crowned with a rosette of bright green, pinnate fronds, 2–5′ long. New growth can be an intense bronze. Native to the wet forests of central and southern Chile. Lovely shade tolerant species. Z6a
Spore packet $3.25

Bomarea salsilla “Meulen Lawen”

Alstroemeriaceae or Liliaceae. Twining climber to 8′. Large umbels of 20+ rose colored tubular flowers. Central Chile. Used medicinally by the Mapuche. The bulbs of many Bomarea are edible. A lovely climber for shade or sun. Resprouts from the roots in a hard frost. Z8b/9a
Plant 3+ years old $9.50

Buddleja globosa “Orange Ball Butterfly Tree” “Matico”

Buddlejaceae. Semi-evergreen shrub to 10’+ tall. Green leaves with downy white undersides. Spherical clusters of orange-yellow fragrant flowers. Gorgeous form of butterfly bush. The the flavonoid rich leaves are traditionally used for healing wounds and the stem bark contains novel terpenes with antifungal activity. Surface sow seeds. Z7b
Seed packet $3

Cajophora coronata “Kuri” “Ortiguilla”

Loasaceae. Weird plant to 12″+ with lacinate leaves covered in stinging hairs like nettles. Unusual white lantern-like flowers to 3″ across. Endemic to the high mountains of central northern Chile, above 9,000′. Has medicinal uses similar to nettle. Z6b–7a
Sold out

Calandrinia caespitosa

Portulacaceae. Fleshy caudex with rosette cushions of slender dark green succulent leaves, just 1–2″ high. Red flowers with bright yellow centers. Native to the high Andes of Chile. Needs a gritty mineral rich soil and sun. Resents excess heat. A charming rock garden plant. Z6?
sold out

Calceolaria cana  “Salsilla”

Scrophulariaceae. Ornamental herbaceaous perennial to 1.5′. Distinct 2 lipped flowers, small upper lip, and large inflated pouch like lower lip, lavender in color, with white and darker purple mottling. Central Chile up to 6,000′. Dermatological uses in ethnomedicine. Prefers cool, moist, rich soil. Surface sow seed. Z8a-b
Seed packet $3

Calceolaria cavanillesii  “Capachito”

Rhizomatic low growing species to 6″ tall and 24″+ wide. Bright green leaves. Flower stalk to 12″+ bearing clusters of lemon yellow inflated pouch flowers. Native to the mountains of central Chile. Calceolaria are used as a tea for kidney health throughout South America. Part to full sun, tolerant of wet conditions if the soil is well draining. Grows very well in our garden. Z6b
Seed packet $3

Calceolaria polyrhiza

Clumping, flattened rosettes of fuzzy, paddle-shaped leaves. Relatively large yellow pouch flowers held above the foliage. Holubec seed collection. A very attractive species for the rock garden. Gritty soil and sun. Z6b
Seed packet $3

Chenopodium sanctae-clarae

Chenopodiaceae. Semi-woody shrub to 3’+. Deep green, oak-like, edible leaves. Quinoa relative endemic to the arid coast of Santa Clara Island, San Juan Archipelago, Chile. Only one small restricted population of just over 100 plants remain, hovering on the precipice of extinction. Propagation and distribution is vital to survival. Surface sow the small seeds. 3–6 weeks warm to sprout. Z9b
Seed packet $6

Colletia ulicina “Kunko rojo” “Wayun”

Rhamnaceae. Very unusual and amazingly cool shrub to 10′ tall. Nearly leafless branches covered in many small, multibranched, photosynthetic green spines. Tubular red flowers are borne in mass along the branch ends. Endemic to central Chile. Arguably the most interesting and showy species of this South American genus. Can be planted as a living fence. Nitrogen fixing and drought hardy. Seed may do better with cold treatment, though some germination warm in 3-8 weeks. Fresh seed harvest. Z8a
Seed packet $3.75 (inquire for plants)

Conanthera campanulata “Pajarito del Campo”

Tecophilaeaceae. Bulb with grass like leaves to to 12″+. Strikingly beautiful, nodding, white to blue flowers, with 6 recurved petals, 3 bearing darker splotches of blue. Central Chile. The bulb is eaten much like the Brodiaea of California. Easy to grow, goes dormant after flowering and should be kept dry until Winter rains. Seed may need 30 days cold treatment. Z8b
Seed packet $3.50

Coriaria ruscifolia ‘Chile’   “Deu”

Coriariaceae. Monotypic genus. Small shrub or bush, up to 6′ tall. Arching or pendent branches lined with oval leaflets give the plant a unique fern-like appearance. Hanging clusters of small flowers transform into necklaces of dark purple fruits. Native to mid elevations western South America. The berries of closely related species (now considered synonymous by some) Coriaria thymifolia, are considered a magical fruit in Ecuador and are said to give one the feeling of flight when eaten. The whole plant including the berries are thought to be toxic so care should be taken to educate visitors not to eat the alluring berries. The roots host bacteria that fix nitrogen in the soil. A unique highly ornamental plant. These plants from Chilean seed are distinct from collections we’ve made in Peru, having larger leaflets and dark green stems. Z9b
Seed packet $4
Plant, 3 years old $16

For additional Coriaria species see our Andean offerings

Crinodendron patagua “Patagua”

Elaeocarpaceae. Rounded, evergreen shrub/tree to 12–30′. Small shiny leaves. 1″ long bell-shaped porcelain white flowers borne in mass. Endemic to central Chile. Used for honey production. Heat and drought tolerant, though prefers moisture and part shade. A beautiful plant. Z8a
8-12″+ plant 2 years old $7.50 or 2 for $13.50

Dendroseris micrantha

Asteraceae. One of eleven species of bizarre “giant dandelions” endemic to the Juan Fernandez Archipelago. Palm-like shrub 8–10′ tall with thick, smooth trunks that branch at the base and are crowned with rosettes of long thick leaves. White flowers. Endemic to Robinson Crusoe Island. The leaves are likely edible. Critically endangered, yet easily grown. Well draining moist soil. Dislikes intense summer heat. Z9b?
sold out

Desfontainia spinosa “Taique” “Borrachero”

Desfontainiaceae. Highly ornamental evergreen shrub. Holly like leaves and 1″ tubular red flowers with yellow tips followed purplish yellow-green fruits. Grows in a limited range from the Columbian Andes south to Chile. Generally considered a monotypic species with a family all its own. We first encountered this beautiful plant in 1996 in Cusco Dept., Peru between the ruins of Sayacmarca and Runkurakay, at 12,500′. Used throughout its range as an ethnomedicinal inebrient, possibly as a delirient entheogen. The chemistry is unknown. Easy to grow, in full sun it stays a bush, to 6′, in part shade it can reach 15′ or more. Well drained rich acid soil. Drought tolerant once established, but prefers ample water. Rare in cultivation. We offer a Chilean clone. Z8b
6-8″+ plant $14.50

Dioscorea brachybotra “Papa Cimarrona”

Dioscoreaceae. Ornamental twining vine to 6’+. Small yellow flowers. Unusual dissected leaves with prominent veins. Starchy edible tuber. Central Chile up to 6,000′. Part shade, a good addition to the edible forest garden. Z8a
5 seed $2.50

Dioscorea bryonifolia “Camasilla”

From a caudex arises a large vine with very attractive lobed, heart like leaves. Central Chile. Like many Dioscorea, may germinate best under cool conditions. Z9a–b
5 seed $2.50

Drimys andina  “Foye” “Canelo Enano”

Winteraceae. Miniature evergreen “tree” to 3–5’+ tall bearing lanceolate green leaves with powdery bluish-white undersides. Clusters of sweetly fragrant star shaped white blossoms. Marbled blackish berries. The leaves and bark have a spicy aroma when crushed. This species is a dwarf found in the mid elevations of central Chile, its close kin from the lower mesic forests may reach up to 50′ in height. Drimys are held sacred by the Mapuche people and are central to many of their shamanic ceremonies. The leaves have many medicinal uses, tea being highly regarded for stomach complaints. Sun to part shade and rich moist soil. Z8a and possibly lower.
6-10″ treelet 2-3 years old $8.50 or 2 for $15

Ephedra breana “Tume”

Ephedraceae. Upright bush to over 6′. Eventually forms a distinct trunk. Unusual papery fruit and seed. Endemic to the Atacama Desert of northern Chile. Traditionally used as an antibacterial and strongly stimulating tea. Anecdotal reports suggest it may have very high ephedrine levels or another stimulating compound. Extremely drought tolerant. Z8b and below
Seed packet $5

Ephedra chilensis “Pingo-pingo”

Upright jointed shrub 1–3′. Greenish flowers, white edible berries with a honey flavor. Native to the high mountains of central Chile. A traditional urinary tonic and aphrodisiac. Contains antioxidant proanthocyanidens and possibly ephedrine? Z7a
Seed packet $3.50

Embothrium coccineum fma. andina “Notro” “Ciruelillo” “Chilean Firebush”

Proteaceae. Attractive shrub to 5′ with leathery lanceolate leaves and large showy bunches of bright red tubular flowers make for ecstatic hummingbirds. This dwarf form is native to the high rainfall mid elevations of southern Chile. The copious nectar flow from the flowers is a source of natural sweetener. The flowers are massaged into to the body for spiritual protection. Give it a mineral soil and bright spot but keep the roots cool, especially during warm weather. Fixes nitrogen but dislikes rich soil and strong fertilizer, especially high phosphorus ones. Z6b
inquire

Empetrum rubrum “Mulweng” “Brecillo”

Ericaceae. Evergreen groundcover to 12″ tall. Small dense leaves. Reddish flowers followed by bright-red edible berries. A native of mid to high elevations, central and southern Chile. The sweet berries are used by the Mapuche for brewing chicha. More tolerant of dry conditions than the widespread E. nigrum. A fantastic and ornamental addition to the edible landscape. Seed needs 60+ days cold to sprout. Z5–6
Seed packet $3.50
Plant -rooted cutting- $12.50 (limited)

Escallonia virgata “Meki”

Saxifragaceae. Handsome shrub or tree to 20′. Smallish densely arranged shiny leaves, white flowers. Native to central and southern Chile and Argentina where it is often found in association with Nothofagus forests. Escallonia are important members of the Andean forests and should be more widely planted. Sun and drought hardy. Surface sow seed. Z8a
sold out

Eulychnea castanea

Cactaceae. Shrubby columnar cactus to about 3 tall. 4″ diameter stems with up to 11 ribs. Large fuzzy areoles with 8-10 small radial spines and 1 central spine up to 4″ long. 2-3″ bell shaped white flowers borne along the sides of the stems. Spiny, green edible fruits. Forms dense thickets along Chile’s central coast, from Tongoy to Los Vilos. Closely related to Trichocereus. The woody core of some Eulychnea species are used for making the musical instruments known as rain sticks. Z9b-10a
Seed packet $3

Fabiana imbricata “Pichi Pichi” “Peta”

Solanaceae. A very beautiful shrub, 3-6′ tall. Tiny, unusual scale like leaves. Bears hundreds of small tubular flowers, white to pale purple in color. Superficially resembles a heather. Native to dry hillsides in southern Chile. Traditionally used as a diuretic for kidney and urinary problems. The dried herb is burned as a ceremonial incense and is reported to have mild inebriating effects when inhaled. Great ornamental value. Prefers a well draining soil and full sun. Drought tolerant once established. 30 days Cold or GA-3 helps germination. Z7b
Seed packet $3.50

Fabiana viscosa

Shrub to 3′ with small sticky cylindrical leaves. Tubular yellow flowers cover the plant. Occurs up to 6,500′ in Region 3 & 4, Chile. Another beautiful and bizarre erica-like tobacco relative. Medicinal and aromatic. Drought hardy. Z9a
sold out

Francoa appendiculata “Llaupangue”

Saxifragaceae. Small mounds of scalloped leaves. 2-3′ spikes of endearing white to pink flowers with purple inner markings. Used medicinally as an astringent. Prefers sun to part shade and moisture. Elegant and very easy to grow. Z7b
Seed packet $2.50
1 gram seed (aprox. 2-3000 seed) $7
5 gram seed $22

Fuchsia magellenica  “Chilco”

Onagraceae. Alluring shrub 5–8′ tall. Pendulous pink and blue flowers typical of the genus and adored by hummingbirds. Cylindrical, edible sweet berries. Central to southern Chile. An important edible and medicinal for the Mapuche. A hardy species, part shade, moist soil. Surface sow seed. Z7a
Seed packet $3

Gaultheria caespitosa “Murtillo”

Ericaceae. Miniature creeping perennial to about 1″. Pink flowers and white edible berries. Native to the high mountains of Central Chile. A choice and rare species for the rock garden. Prefers a little shade and well drained acidic soil. Surface sow seed. Sprouts in 3-6 weeks. Z6b
Sold out

Gaultheria phillyreifolia “Chuwra comun”

Attractive evergreen shrub to 4′. White bell flowers and red edible berries. Central and southern Chile, up to 4,000′. The sweet berries are used to make an esteemed chicha (beer). Prefers a slightly acidic soil, sun, shade and drought tolerant. Z7b
Seed packet $3

For additional Gaultheria species see our Californian , Andean &  Medicinals/Edibles offerings

Geum magellanicum“Hierba de Clavo”

Rosaceae. Highly ornamental herbaceous perennial to 3′. Beautiful abundant bright orange-red flowers on slender branching stalks. From mid to high elevations, southern Chile. Used medicinally for its astringent actions. Prefers sun and regular moisture. Easy and rewarding. Z7a
Seed packet $2.50
1 gram seed (aprox. 150+ seed) $6
5 gram seed $18

Gevuina avellana “Guevin” “Nefu” “Chilean Macadamia”

Proteaceae. Ornamental rounded evergreen tree 20-30′ tall. Glossy pinnate leaves up to 2′ long. Panicles of creamy white flowers followed by clusters of red fruit containing a large edible nut. Native to central and southern Chile. The sweet, nutritious, macadamia-like nuts have been eaten by the Mapuche for thousands of years. A commercial nut crop in Chile and more recently New Zealand. The plant needs sun, but cool moist soil, well drained and slightly acidic. Resents too much phosphorus and benefits greatly from mycorrhizal inoculation. Z8a
sold out

Haloragis masatierrana

Haloragaceae. Attractive shrub with shiny, deep green, serrated leaves, often with rusty highlights. Small reddish flowers at branch ends followed by berries. From the San Jaun Archipelago, a triad of islands about 400 miles off the Chilean coast in the south eastern Pacific. The islands have been recognized as one of the most important threatened eco-regions in the world in grave need of preservation. Propagation is essential. Plants from the archipelago will grow best in coastal climates or regions where the summers are not too hot and winter frost is minimal. This Robinson Crusoe Island forest endemic will make a lovely ornamental. Z9a/b
Seed packet $4.50
10–16″+ plant 2+ years old $15.50 or 2 for $26

Jovellana violaceae “Capachito”

Scrophulariaceae. Mounding subshrub 2-4′ tall. Pubescent green leaves. Clusters of stunning small bell flowers, pink with highlights of purple and yellow. A rare species endemic to central Chile. A delightful and unusual plant. Prefers part shade and moist rich soil. Z9a
Plant 2+ years old $6.50 or 3 plants for $14

Kageneckia oblonga “Bollen”

Rosaceae. Evergreen shrub 8–15′ tall. Oblong 2″ leaves and axillary clusters of white flowers. Unusual star shaped woody seed capsule. Chilean endemic. Kageneckia species are important members of the Andean forests and dry scrub. The tough hard wood is used for tool making. Contains antioxidant, analgesic and antiinflammatory compounds. A handsome landscape specimen. Fairly drought hardy. Seed germinates warm in 2–6 weeks. Z8a
Seed- sold out

Lapageria rosea “Copihue” “Chilean Bell Flower”

Philesiaceae. Climbing evergreen vine to 20’+. Large 3-4″ pendant bell flowers, usually a rich rose color, but occasionally other hues. The national flower of Chile! Sweet edible fruit. Endemic to the forests of central Chile. The fruit is sometimes brewed into a chicha by the Mapuche. The finest ornamental edible climber there is. Fairly slow growing but easy if given a semi-shady sheltered spot, acid soil, and ample moisture. Z8a-b
Seedling, 2 years old $12

Latua pubiflora “Latue” “Palo de Bruja”

Solanaceae. Multi-branched shrub 6-20′. Gray-green lanceolate leaves 1-3″ long. Violet bell-shaped 1.5″ flowers hang from the branches, small yellowish berries. Some clones have long thorns, others are nearly thornless. A monotypic genus endemic to limited regions of Chile. When our colleagues Rob Montgomery and Christian Ratsch first came upon this plant in Chiloe, they literally fell to their knees in awe! Revered by the Mapuche, the plant is used for rheumatism and as a shamanic deliriant, similar to Datura. Sun to part shade, well drained rich soil. This stunning rarity is new to cultivation, a true horticultural gem. Germinates in 4-8 weeks, GA3 or cold treatment helps. Fresh seed harvest.  Z8b and below
Seed packet $5
Inquire for plants

Lobelia excelsa “Tobaco del Diablo” “Tupa”

Campanulaceae. Evergreen shrub 6–15′ tall. Rosettes of green lanceolate leaves. Breathtaking spires of large tubular brick-red flowers with decurved corollas. Endemic to the Andean foothills of central Chile. Utilized interchangeably with L. tupa. Surface sow seed. Drought tolerant once established. Z8b
Seed packet $3

Lobelia tupa “Tobaco del Diablo” “Tupa”

Shrub 4–6′ tall. Gray-green felted leaves. Long spikes of carmine flowers. Lower elevations of central Chile. The Mapuche have been reported to smoke the leaves, apply leaf juice for toothache and use the root as a poison. A very showy plant. Grow like L. excelsa. Z8b
Seed packet $3

Luma apiculata  “Arrayan”

Myrtaceae. Highly ornamental evergreen shrub or tree, from 5–30’+. Smooth red and brown mottled bark, dark green leaves and fragrant white flowers. 1/2″ edible black berries, sweet with a slight aromatic aftertone. Native to Chile and southwest Argentina. Extremely generous with blossoms and fruit. The fruit is traditionally eaten fresh and made into a chicha, we find it makes an excellent preserve or cordial. Sun to part shade. Drought tolerant when established, but does best with regular irrigation. Z8a–b
8-14″+ plant 2-3 years old $7.50 or 2 for $13

Lycopersicon chilense  “Wild Tomato”

Solanaceae. Perennial to 3′. Deeply dissected gray green leaves, yellow flowers and small greenish edible fruit. Native to dry rocky areas of northern Chile. Though difficult to cross, considered useful for breeding disease resistance into tomatos. Grow like tomato. Z10a
Seed packet $3.50

Maihuenia poeppigii “Mahuen”

Cactaceae. A unique low growing Opuntia relative. Forms mats of cylindrical stems to 4″ topped with small fleshy leaves. Spines to 1/2″+ and yellow flowers. Seed wild collected in the mountains of central Chile. Edible fruit. Fantastic for the rock garden, tolerant of high rainfall. Z5b/6a
Seed packet $3
1.5–2″+ plant 3 years old $9.50 (limited)

Mutisia subulata “Flor de la granada”

Asteraceae or Compositae. A very beautiful tendrilled vine 4-8′. Unusual slender petalled red or pink “daisy” flowers to 2″. A rare endemic, used for bronchitis. Z9a/b
sold out

Myrteola nummularifolia “Groundcover Guava”

Myrtaceae. Ground hugging evergreen subshrub to 6″ high and 2–3′ across. Red stems and small, dark green, rounded leaves, pleasantly scented if crushed (makes great tea!). Little white flowers and abundant, round to oblong berries, rose to pink blushed with a sweet, aromatic flavor similar to Ugni. Plants in cultivation can probably be traced to Hinkley’s introduction from southern Chiloe. A handsome edible groundcover. Z7b?
Seed packet $4.50
Plant 2 years old $9.50

Nicotiana cordifolia “Juan Fernandez Tobacco”

Solanaceae. Perennial species 3–6’+ tall. Thick, almost pachycaul stems topped with leathery cordate leaves coated with whitish hairs. 1.5″ long dark purple-violet tubular flowers with some green-yellow streaks. Critically endangered endemic of Alejandro Selkirk Island, Juan Fernandez Archipelago. The small populations are reported to be restricted to a few rocky cliffs. An unusual and beautiful species. Easy to grow, save the seed and pass it on. Z9b?
Seed packet $6

Nicotiana solanifolia “Tobaco Cimarron”

Solanaceae. Rosettes of wavy paddle shaped leaves. Flowering stalks 3-5′ tall with green tubular flowers. A rare and unusual tobacco found only in rocky areas in the fog belt of coastal northern Chile. New to cultivation. Z10a?
Seed packet $4

For additional Nicotiana species see our Californian , Andean &  Medicinals/Edibles offerings

Ochagavia elegans  “Ajo Dulcie”

Bromeliaceae. Handsome small rosettes of green to silvery pointed leaves. Compact cluster of dark pink flowers in the center of the rosette followed by sweet edible fruit that looks like a garlic bulb, hence the local name “ajo dulcie”. This pineapple relative is endemic solely to Robinson Crusoe Island in the remote Juan Fernandez Archipelago, steep volcanic islands about 500 miles off the Chilean coast. Here it forms large dense colonies on rocks and sheer cliff faces. New to cultivation, sprout seed like cacti. Best germination with 30 days cold then 30-60 days warm to sprout or use GA3. An awesome rarity that will make a unique edible ornamental for the adventurous grower. Z8b/9a?
Seed packet $7 (limited)
3-4″+ plant 3+ years old $24.50

Pernettya furens (=Gaultheria insana) “Hued-hued” “Hierba Loca”

Ericaceae. Evergreen shrublet 1-2′ in height. White bell flowers and red berries. Endemic to southern Chile. The fruits are reported to cause intoxication and delirium when eaten, in excess, a permanent condition of insanity may be induced. Grow like Gaultheria. Z7a
Seed packet $3
Plant 3+ years old $8.50

Pernetya mucronata ‘minuta’    “Chuara”

A diminutive form of this variable species. Small evergreen shrub 6–12” high with densely arranged pointed leaves. Clusters of tiny bell flowers and white to lilac edible berries. Holubec seed collection, Torres del Paine, Chile. Often grows as part of the bushy understory of Nothofagus forests and forms large populations above the treeline in southern Chile. Prefers acidic soil, fairly drought tolerant once established. Z7a
Plant 2–3 years old $9.50

Pernettya pumila “Chuara”

Evergreen subshrub, 2–3′ tall. Small shiny leaves, white bell flowers blushed pink. White to red edible berries, sweet with a slight vanilla hint. Low to high elevations, south-central Chile. Sun to part shade, drought tolerant once established. Prefers slightly acid soil. Z6b
Seed packet $3

Pernettya rigida

Heath-like evergreen shrub 3–6′. Small compact pointed leaves densely arranged on the stems. White urn-shaped dioecious flowers and shiny pink-purple edible berries. Endemic to the cool-moist upper elevations and ridge tops (1500–5000′) of the volcanic Juan Fernandez Islands 500 miles from Chile. Here it forms thickets with endemic tree ferns and the rare Ugni selkirkii. Unknown in cultivation, a beautiful rare plant for the conservationist’s edible landscape. Berries should be eaten in moderation as some Pernettya cause an intoxication. Surface sow seed. Best germination with GA3. Well draining acidic soil. Sun in cooler regions or part shade. Z8?
sold out

For additional Pernettya species see our Andean &  Medicinals/Edibles offerings

Persea lingue “Lingue” “Chilean Avocado”

Lauraceae. Beautiful evergreen tree to 20–60’+. Shiny dark green leaves. Small yellow flowers and olive-size fruit with green to blue-black skin-almost all seed. Native to the lower elevations of Chile and adjacent Argentina. The wood is hard, durable and good for construction. The leaves are used medicinally as an astringent. Threatened throughout some of its range due to logging and agriculture. Z8a?
6–10″+ treelet 2+ years old $15.50

Peumus boldus “Boldo”

Monimiaceae. A monotypic genus. Attractive evergeen tree 20–50′. Aromatic leaves. Scented white flowers, tasty edible green fruit. Endemic to the sclerophyllous forests of central Chile. The camphor scented leaves are used in cooking and as a tea for digestion, liver and gallbladder health. Considered something of a panacea. Chewed leaves found at the Monte Verde site in Chile (dated around 13,000 years ago) show the extreme antiquity of its medicinal use. Slow germination; 6+ months, give 60 days cold or try GA-3. Drought and cold hardy to at least Z8a.
sold out

Podocarpus salignus   “Manio”

Podocarpaceae. Upright evergreen coniferous tree 15–30’+ tall. Exquisite drooping branches and long flattened linear leaves. Reportedly edible, red berry-like fruit when male and female trees are present. One of several rare Andean conifer species endangered by habitat loss. Endemic to the cool Nothofagus rainforests of central Chile, from the coast up to mid elevation Andes. High quality wood. Does well in cultivation, prefers moderately moist soil and sun to filtered shade. Z8a
12-18″ treelet (unsexed) 3+ years old $12.50 or 2 for $22

Prumnopitys andina “Lleuque” “Chilean Plum Yew”

Podocarpaceae. Evergreen yew-like tree, 40–60’+ tall. Form 3/4″ dark purple fruits that are sweet, aromatic and tasty. Endemic to the temperate forests of the lower Andean slopes of south central Chile where it is considered highly vulnerable due to habitat loss. The fruit has long been esteemed by the Mapuche and is made into chicha and marmalade. The wood is durable and used in construction. Prefers part shade and moisture. Z8a
8–12″ treelet (unsexed) 2+ years old $16.50 (limited)

Puya berteroniana “Chawal”

Bromeliaceae. Forms large rosettes of long, narrow, recurved, gray-green leaves. Huge club like flower stalks up to 9’+ bear a multitude of spectacular dark aquamarine flowers. Central Chilean Andes up to 7,000′. An important food of endangered wild chinchillas. Prefers a bright spot, cooler temperatures, and is very drought tolerant. Sprout like cacti. Z8b
Seed packet $3
4-5″+ plant 3 years old $6.50

Puya venusta

1-2″ rosettes of slender serrated silver leaves. Beautiul red flower spikes withviolet blossoms. North central Chile. A gorgeous and unique xerophytic pineapple relative. Z9b
Seed packet $3

For other Puya species see Andean Collections

Quillaja saponaria  “Quillay” “Soapbark”

Rosaceae. Oak-like tree 25–60′ with dark brown bark, evergreen oval leaves and dense corymbs of showy white flowers. The inner bark is rich in saponins and is powdered and made into an excellent soap. Occurs up to 6,500’ in Chile and Peru. It has a long history as an effective medicine for lung conditions and as an immunostimulant. It also has many industrial uses in cosmetics and food products. Said to attract beneficial insects such as ladybugs. Adaptable to dry areas, being a good candidate for reforestation in arid regions. A lovely and versatile tree. Z7b
10–16″+ plant 3 years old $9.50 (limited)

Rhaphithamnus spinosus

Verbenaceae. Unusual and alluring shrub 5 to 20′. Young branches are spiny and it boasts a generous profusion of tubular lavender flowers followed by glossy purple fruits that are edible and said to be quite tasty. The foliage turns an inciting purple during Winter. Another unique addition to the edible landscape. Part shade to sun. Cold treatment may improve germination. Z7b
10 seed $4
8-12″+ plant 3+ years old $9.50

Rhodophiala montana

Amaryllidaceae. Handsome bulb with slender leaves and flower stalks to 12″. Pure yellow trumpet flowers. Rare endemic of central Andean Chile. Unconfirmed reports of the bulb being edible. Give well drained soil and sun. Z6a/7b
sold out

Ribes cucullatum “Zarzaparilla” “Chilean Current”

Rosaceae or Grossulariaceae. Low shrub to 2′, reddish flowers, clusters of black edible berries. Native to the hills and mountains of central Chile, up to 10,000. The Mapuche relish the fruit and use the root as a blood cleanser. A new addition for the edible landscape. Grow like a currant. Cold stratify seed. Z7a
Seed packet $3
Plant 3 years old $9.50

Ribes magellanicum “Uvilla” “Upush” “Chilean Current”

Deciduous shrub to 3–8′. Shiny tri-lobate leaves. Tassels of cream colored flowers followed by edible black berries. Native to southern Chile/Argentina. This fantastic wild currant is being considered for domestication in New Zealand. Sun to part shade. Stratify seed. Z8a–b
sold out

Satureja gilliesii  “Oreganillo”

Labiatae. Shrub 2–5′ with small and slender minty leaves densely arranged on the stems. White to lavender colored flowers bloom in profusion to the delight of insects and hummingbirds. Canon Infernio, north-central Chile. The strongly aromatic foliage is rich in terpenes and used as a tea for stomach problems. Sun, heat and drought tolerant. Z8a
Seed packet $3.50

Satureja multiflora   “Alwe Lawen” “Menta de Arbol”

Aromatic shrub to 5’+. Rich green simple leaves. A profusion of deep-pink tubular flowers to entice hummingbirds. An endangered species from central Chile. This is a lovely Andean yerba buena with a refreshing mint-like scent. A tea is used for stomach problems. Sun to part shade. Grows very well for us. Should be more widely cultivated to encourage conservation. Z8b or lower
Seed packet $4

Solanum etuberosum

Solanaceae. Ornamental shrub to 3–4′. Large potato like leaves. Very floriferous with showy purple flowers. Native to Chile’s deciduous forests and dry scrub up to 9,000′. A reported medicinal. Though it does not produce tubers, it has been used in potato breeding programs. Strongly resistant to the major potato viruses and green peach aphid. Though challenging to breed it shows promise for future potato and even tomato breeding. Z7a
Seed packet $3.50

Ugni molinae  “Unu” “Murtillo” “Chilean Guava”

Myrtaceae. Ornamental evergreen shrub to 6′. Cup-shaped fragrant white-pink flowers and 1/3″ rose-purple edible berries. Southern Chile. The fruit has a particularly delicious flavor, being aromatic, tart and sweet. The leaves are rich in antioxidants, the Mapuche make a analgesic tea from them and brew chicha from the fruit. The roasted seeds are a coffee substitute. Ugni candollei is used to induce dreaming. Commercially cultivated in Chile for the fruits, it was popular in 1800s England, Queen Victoria’s favorite fruit! Does excellent here in northern California. Dislikes alkaline soil, but is very easy to grow. Sun to half shade, drought tolerant when established. Can be trimmed as a hedge. Deserves wide cultivation. The plants we offer are seed grown from wild stock, assuring the highest genetic diversity. We have also been selecting out some interesting clones, inquire for these. Higher germination with 30 days cold. Z8a
Seed packet $3
Plant 1-2+ years old $6.50
Ugni molinae ‘Blanco’ – A clone we selected from a batch of seedlings for its pink blushed whitish fruit (when fully ripe) that is sweeter and less tart than others. Z8a
6″+ Plant $8.50
Ugni molinae ‘Burbank’ – Old clone from plant wizard Luther Burbank. A bit more rounded leaves, sweet-tart reddish berries.
Plant $8.75 (limited)
Ugni molinae ‘Flambeau’ – A rather exuberantly variegated clone with leaves streaked green, cream, lime and pink. New growth is an unabashedly flamboyant rosy-pink. Slower growing, but has the same delicious berries as the standard form. Gets a top rating for ornamental edible. Z8a/b
6″+ Plant $7.75

Ugni selkirkii?  “Juan Fernandez Guava”

Evergreen shrub to 7’+. Rounded leaves densely arranged along the stems. Small white flowers and white/pink edible berries. Extremely rare, endemic to the Juan Fernandez Archipelago, Chile, where it faces extinction from habitat loss. The seed collector was not totally sure of the identification, it is possible that it’s crossed with U. molinae which was introduced to the islands. However, the seedlings do appear distinct from U. molinae. A superb rarity for the edible/ornamental garden. Sun to part shade. Z8b/9a?
6″+ plant 2 years old $12.50

For additional Ugni species see our Medicinals/Edibles offerings

Wahlenbergia fernandeziana 

Campanulaceae. Low growing plant 6–12″+ high. Rosettes of  compact leaves that elongate into terminal clusters of 1″, upright, bell shaped flowers, white with lavender veination. An endangered endemic of remnant grasslands and rocky outcrops of the Juan Fernandez Islands. Easily grown, enjoys potted culture and is very floriferous for us. Surface sow seed, 1–3 months to sprout. Z9?
Seed packet $4.50

Plants of the Juan Fernandez Archipelago, Chile

About 400 miles off the Chilean coast in the south eastern Pacific you’ll find a triad of steep, ancient volcanic islands unlike anywhere else. Prior to the 16th century this was one of the few regions in the world untouched by the corrosive hand of man, adrift in its own evolutionary dream. The island trio is tiny Santa Clara Island and the larger Alejandro Selkirk (Masafuera) and Robinson Crusoe (Masatierra), which get their name from the Scottish sailor Alexander Selkirk who was marooned for 4 years and served as inspiration for the famous novel. Known as the “Galapagos for plants”, the isolation, lack of herbivores, diverse terrain and unique cool temperate climate of the archipelago has inspired the evolution of an exquisitely high number of endemic plants, 131 species, about 63% of the total flora, and the highest density of endemics anywhere in the world! The forests of Robinson Crusoe consist of solely endemic species. The past century has seen the extinction of many species from deforestation, introduced herbivores and climate change. The endemic sandalwood and Robinsonia were collected to extinction for their sublime scents that were once in high demand as perfume and incense. Many species hang on by just a thread, with only a few individual plants left. The islands have been recognized as one of the most important threatened eco-regions in the world in grave need of preservation. Propagation is essential. Plants from the archipelago will grow best in coastal climates or regions where the summers are not too hot and winter frost is minimal.

Blechnum cycadifolium  “Juan Fernandez Tree Fern”

Blechnaceae. A gorgeous tree fern with a thick erect trunk to 6’+. Crowned with a rosette of stiff cycad-like leaves. Endemic to Robinson Crusoe and Alejandro Selkirk Islands where it can form dense, otherworldly forests. Needs a moist, rich, well draining soil. Z9a?
Seedling 2-3 years old $22.50

Chenopodium sanctae-clarae

Chenopodiaceae. Semi-woody shrub to 3’+. Deep green, oak-like, edible leaves. Quinoa relative endemic to the arid coast of Santa Clara Island. Only one small restricted population of just over 100 plants remain, hovering on the precipice of extinction. Propagation and distribution is vital to survival. Surface sow the small seeds. 3–6 weeks warm to sprout. Z9b
Seed packet $6

Dendroseris micrantha

Asteraceae. One of eleven species of bizarre “giant dandelions” endemic to the Juan Fernandez Archipelago. Palm-like shrub 8–10′ tall with thick, smooth trunks that branch at the base and are crowned with rosettes of long thick leaves. White flowers. Endemic to Robinson Crusoe Island. The leaves are likely edible. Critically endangered, yet easily grown. Well draining moist soil. Dislikes intense summer heat. Z9b?
sold out

Haloragis masatierrana

Haloragaceae. Attractive shrub with shiny, deep green, serrated leaves, often with rusty highlights. Small reddish flowers at branch ends followed by berries. This Robinson Crusoe Island forest endemic will make a lovely ornamental. Z9a/b
Seed packet $4.50
12–16″+ plant 2+ years old $15.50 or 2 for $26

Nicotiana cordifolia “Juan Fernandez Tobacco”

Solanaceae. Perennial species 3–6’+ tall. Thick, almost pachycaul stems topped with leathery cordate leaves coated with whitish hairs. 1.5″ long dark purple-violet tubular flowers with some green-yellow streaks. Critically endangered endemic of Alejandro Selkirk Island, Juan Fernandez Archipelago. The small populations are reported to be restricted to a few rocky cliffs. An unusual and beautiful species. Easy to grow, save the seed and pass it on. Z9b?
Seed packet $6

 Ochagavia elegans  “Ajo Dulcie”

Bromeliaceae. Handsome small rosettes of green to silvery pointed leaves. Compact cluster of dark pink flowers in the center of the rosette followed by sweet edible fruit that looks like a garlic bulb, hence the local name “ajo dulcie”. This pineapple relative is endemic solely to Robinson Crusoe Island. Here it forms large dense colonies on rocks and sheer cliff faces. New to cultivation, sprout seed like cacti. Best germination with 30 days cold then 30–60 days warm to sprout or use GA3. An awesome rarity that will make a unique edible ornamental for the adventurous grower. Z8b/9a?
Seed packet $7 (limited)
3-4″ plant 3 years old $24.50

Pernettya rigida

Heath-like evergreen shrub 3–6′. Small compact pointed leaves densely arranged on the stems. White urn-shaped dioecious flowers and shiny pink-purple edible berries. Endemic to the cool-moist upper elevations and ridge tops (1500–5000′) of  the volcanic Juan Fernandez Islands. Here it forms thickets with endemic tree ferns and Ugni selkirkii. Unknown in cultivation, a beautiful rare plant for the conservationist’s edible landscape. Berries should be eaten in moderation as some Pernettya cause an intoxication. Surface sow seed. Well draining acidic soil. Sun in cooler regions or part shade. Z8?
sold out

Ugni selkirkii?  “Juan Fernandez Guava”

Evergreen shrub to 7’+. Rounded leaves densely arranged along the stems. Small white flowers and white/pink edible berries. Extremely rare, endemic to the Juan Fernandez Archipelago where it faces extinction from habitat loss. The seed collector was not totally sure of the identification, it is possible that it’s crossed with U. molinae which was introduced to the islands. However, the seedlings do appear distinct from U. molinae. A superb rarity for the edible/ornamental garden. Sun to part shade. Z8b/9a?
6″+ plant 2 years old $12.50

Wahlenbergia fernandeziana 

Campanulaceae. Low growing plant 6–12″+ high. Rosettes of  compact leaves that elongate into terminal clusters of 1″, upright, bell shaped flowers, white with lavender veination. An endangered endemic of remnant grasslands and rocky outcrops of the Juan Fernandez Islands. Easily grown, enjoys potted culture and is very floriferous for us. Surface sow seed, 1–3 months to sprout. Z9?
Seed packet $4.50

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Public Domain Pledge

An important terms of business note to all our customers:
In order to be in line with our mission to support the preservation of botanical biodiversity, following the lead of J.L. Hudson Seeds and in recognition that the biodiversity of the Earth is the common heritage of all life, all of our seed and plant offerings are now Public Domain. This means that all plants and seeds are supplied solely under the following conditions: We expressly prohibit the use of any seeds or plants supplied by us, or their progeny, in any form of genetic engineering, breeding, or research which will result in any form of life patent, variety protection, trademarks, breeder’s rights or any form of intellectual property applied to living things which would compromise the Public Domain status of the seeds, plants, their progeny and any genetic material therein. We expressly prohibit the transfer to any third party of any seeds, plants, their progeny or any portion of their genetic material without these prohibitions in place. Commercial propagation is encouraged, but in the unlikely event that large-scale commercial distribution is achieved, benefit-sharing along the path towards the source, in accordance with the spirit of the International Convention on Biological Diversity, will be undertaken. Thank you for your understanding and support!