Other Succulents & Xerophytes

This is only a partial list of the plants and seeds we have available. Send $2 ($4 international) for our complete illustrated catalog

To assure we are distributing the highest level of genetic diversity, all of the plants we offer are grown from seed unless noted otherwise

Unless noted otherwise, seed packets contain 15-40+ seeds, often more (with very tiny seed like Begonia, Sedum, etc the seed count is in the hundreds).

For general cultivation info for succulents see our cultivation page.

For many additional succulent and xerophyte species see our Chilean, Andean and Californian pages

Genus Adansonia

Bombacaceae. The mythical and revered Baobab. A small genus of gargantuan trees. Native to Africa, Madagascar, and northwest Australia. Huge swollen trunks, deciduous leaves, large pendulous flowers, and football size fruit. Undoubtedly one of the most impressive life forms that has sprung from the soils of our fertile planet. Known to live for thousands of years, these massive beings are held sacred and worshipped as fertility trees. Provides food, water, medicine, and shelter. Easy from seed; just nick and soak until swollen, then sow 0.5″ deep. Keep warm to germinate in 1-4 weeks. Seedlings like good drainage and lots of root room. They do well in the greenhouse or a sunny window. Baobabs are slow growing and make fascinating bonsai subjects. Keep relatively dry in the winter. Z10a
For an excellent volume, The Remarkable Baobab see our Books page.

Adansonia digitata “Baobab”

African tree to 60′ with the thickest trunk in the world; up to 30′ in diameter! Large white heavily scented flowers, followed by foot long fruits filled with citrus flavored pulp. Edible seeds and leaves are used as an immunostimulant against dysentery and malaria. Bark used to treat fevers.
5 seed $2
25 seed $8

Adansonia grandidieri “Reniala” “Baobab”

A unique, rare baobab up to 100′ tall. Smooth columnar trunk as much as 20′ wide. Small white flowers and deciduous leaves. Oil rich, edible seeds. Endemic to the region of Morondava, central western Madagascar. Known to Malagasy natives as “queen of the forest.” Highly endangered due to habitat destruction and the practice of using the fibrous bark for making weavings, ropes and decoctions for treating backache.
$1 per seed

Adansonia madagascariensis “Baobab”

Huge cone-shaped swollen trunk to 100′ tall. Bright red flowers. This sacred baobab is rare but widespread throughout the western coastal forests of Madagascar.
$1 per seed

Adansonia perrieri “Baobab”

Tree to 80’+ with a large cylindrical trunk. Yellow orange flowers. Recently described species from northern Madagascar. The rarest of all baobabs. Only a handful of populations are known to exist. Propagation is essential.
$1.50 per seed

Adansonia rubrostipa (=Adansonia fony) “Baobab”

One of the smaller species of baobab. Up to 40′ tall with an often obese ellipsoid trunk. Large yellow and red flowers. Native to Madagascar’s west coast and southwest at an elevation of up to 1000′. Endangered.
sold out

Adansonia za “Baobab”

A single cylindrical trunk, often with irregular swellings. A variable species from 15′ to 100′ tall. Yellow flowers. Widespread from extreme southern to northwestern Madagascar.
$1 per seed

Genus Agave

Agavaceae or Liliaceae. A fascinating genus of woody lillies consisting of some 300 species native to the Americas. Symmetrical rosettes of rigid, often heavily toothed and spiked leaves. Known as “century plants”, they take 10- 20+ years to bloom, after which the blooming rosette dies. The flowering stalks can be huge, up to 20’+, bearing hundreds of flowers. Archaeological evidence indicate that Agave have had an important relationship with man for at least 9,000 years. They are now grown around the world for the tough fiber the leaves contain. The heart of many species has long been eaten as food and fermented into various alcoholic beverages including pulque, mescal, and tequila. Recently Agave syrup has become a popular natural sweetener. Our interests focus on ethnobotanically important species as well as the hardiest of the horticultural gems the genus offers. We have selected those most adaptable to varied environments, especially temperate climates. Very easy to grow from seed, plant just under the soil and keep warm to sprout in 1-4 weeks. They prefer a well drained succulent soil and hot sunny position once established. Fantastic landscape plants.

Agave albopilosa

A recently described species that is totally unique within the genus. Solitary porcupine rosettes to 1′ high and 20″ across. Slender recurved green leaves. Mature plants develop a fringe of white hairs surrounding the black spine at the tip of each leaf. Endemic to Huasteca Canyon, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, 3000–4500′. Grows in a humid locale on very steep canyons walls that only get a few hours of direct sun each day. Well draining substrate, regular water, and some shade will encourage it to thrive. Exceedingly rare. Z7b?
1–1.5″+ plant 2+ years old $28 (limited)

Agave applanata fma. variegata “Cream Spike Dwarf Agave”

Beautifully sculpted compact miniature rosettes to only 4–6″. Blue-green leaves with cream colored variegated margins and red-brown marginal spines. Inflorescence to 5’+ with yellowish flowers. A gorgeous dwarf, sometimes mislabelled as A. parryi or A. patonii minima variegata. Z9a
2″+ plant $7.50

Agave cupreata “Mescal Papalotl”

1-2′ tall 2-3′ wide rosettes of flat green leaves with nicely contrasting, large, red-brown spines. Native to highland oak forest between 5,000-6,600′ in the Mexican states of Guerrero and Michoacán. The roasted heart of the plant is a preferred source for making a smoky mescal liquor, which has unfortunately led to overharvesting of both the Agave and the surrounding oaks for firewood. There is work underway to help locals sustainably cultivate and harvest this species. Full sun, heat and drought hardy. Cold exposure has not been well evaluated. Z9a-b?
Seed packet $3

Agave difformis “Xixi”

Freely clustering rosettes to about 2′ with slender polymorphic yellow-green leaves, varying from straight to hypnotically wavy, toothed to unarmed, sometimes with a silver central stripe. Flower stalk to 10′ bearing yellowish to pink flowers. Native to the limestone soils of the Sierra Madre Oriental, 5–6,000′, Mexico. Seed collected from El Tephe, Hidalgo. The macerated fiber was reportedly used as soap. An attractive unusual smaller species. Z8b
2-3″+ seedling 2-3 years old $6.50 or 2 for $11

Agave gentryi

This is the true form of this new species. Sculptural rosettes of dark green leaves to 5–6′. Inflorescence to 16’+. Found in the pine-oak forests of the high mountains of northeastern Mexico, to 9500′. This seed differs from La Escondida populations we also offer, which are probably an intergrade with A. montana. A hardy landscape specimen. Z7b
Seed packet $3.25

Agave gentryi La Escondida

Large plant up to 6’+. Impressive dark green leaves with jagged marginal spines. Flowering stalk can reach 18′. Native to the high mountains of northeastern Mexico. This particular seed is from robust populations growing in full sun and pine understory around 6,500′ near the small town of La Escondida, possibly an A. montana intergrade. Should be tolerant of fairly high rainfall. Z7a
Seed packet $4
2-3″ plant 2-3 years old $6.50

Agave gracilipes

Compact rosettes to 1–2’+. Fairly slender, yellowish to glaucus green leaves, red-brown to gray teeth. Inflorescence to 6’+ high, yellow to red flowers. A variable species that occurs in the mountains of southeastern New Mexico, western Texas and northern Chihuahua, Mexico. Possibly a natural hybrid of A. parryi ssp. neomexicana and A. lechuguilla. A comely and hardy plant, rare in cultivation. Z7a
Seed packet $3.50
2″+ plant 1-2 years old $6.50 or 3 for $16.50

Agave horrida “Mexcalmetl”

Single rosette to 16″. Green leaves with gray marginal teeth, quite horrid. Inflorescence to 8′. Native to the mountains of Morelos, Mexico. Source of the mescal liquor known as Mexcalli. The young leaves are eaten broiled. Z9a-b
Seed packet $3

Agave impressa   “Masparillo”

3–6′ symmetrical rosettes of bright green leaves with very attractive white markings from the bud imprints, blunt marginal teeth. Flower stalk to 10′ with yellow-green blossoms. Rocky volcanic areas of Sinaloa, Mexico. Leaf sap is used for wound healing. An exquisite species of rare grace. Z9b
2″+ plant 1–2 years old $6.50

Agave macroculmis “Maguey”

Singular rosettes to 4′. Broad, deep-green or bluish leaves with formidable teeth. Yellow flowers. Another high mountain species from Mexican oak and pine forests,7,000–10,000′. Gentry reports that the young flower stalk is cooked and eaten. Related to A. gentryi and A. montana. Hardy, fast growing and tolerant of some shade. Z7b
2–3″+ seedling 2-3 years old $6.50

Agave maximiliana “Maguey Tecolote”

Rosettes 3′-5′. Blue blushed leaves with jagged leaf imprints and red brown spines along margins. Flowering stems to 15’+. Grows in oak and pine forest in the mountains of Nayarit, Jalisco, and Zacatecas, Mexico. Used for fiber and to distill a rare mescal known as raicilla. Scarce in cultivation, this bold plant deserves to be propagated. Z9a
Seed packet $3

Agave montana “Mountain Agave”

This sculptural beauty grows as a 3’+ tall and 4’+ wide, dense, solitary rosette of broad, gray-green leaves with jagged leaf imprints, and outstanding reddish thorns along the margins. Flower stalk to 15′. Native to the high mountains of northeastern Mexico, it is found in oak and pine forests up to 11,500′. This awesome new species is extremely well adapted to cold and wet climates. Z7a
Seed packet $4
2-3″ plant 2-3 years old $6.50

Agave ovatifolia “Noga” “Whale’s Tongue Agave”

A recently described and highly desirable species. Dense, rounded, solitary rosette 3-6′ across and 2-5′ tall with short, broad, lightly cupped leaves, an amazing glaucus silver-blue color. Inflorescence up to 14′ tall with greenyellow flowers. Endemic to a small area of mountains in Nuevo Leon, Mexico, between 3,700-7,000′. One of the most beautiful of all Agave! Tolerant of both drought and cold. Well suited to temperate climates. Z7b
Seed packet $4
3″+ plant 3+ years old $7.50

Agave parryi “Mescal” “Maguey”

Rosettes of gray-green leaves with hooked spines along the margins and tipped with a sharp black spine. Forms clusters to several feet in diameter. Flowering stalks can reach nearly 20′ in height. Bears numerous orange-yellow flowers. A variable species native to Arizona, New Mexico, and Mexico. Natives have long used the plant as an important source for fiber, food, soap and medicine. A potent wine was made by fermenting the heart of the plant. Dried flower stalks have become a popular source for making didgeridoos. Seed from northern Arizona populations growing near 7,000′. Z6b
Seed packet $3
2–3″+ seedling 2-3 years old $6.50

Agave shrevei ssp. magna “O’tosa” “Mescal Blanco”

Large magnificant blue-gray rosettes to 8′, rarely offsetting. The leaves have lightly undulating margins with brown or gray teeth. Flower stalk to 20’+, yellow flowers. From pine-oak habitat in the mountains of northwestern Mexico. The Tarahumara bake the hearts for food and to make a fermented beverage. The young flower stalks are also used as food and young plants for curing and “death ceremonies”. A distilled drink is made known as “mescal blanco” or “mescal ceniza”. A heat and cold tolerant species. Z8a/b
Seed packet $3.25

 Agave tequilana  “Mezcal Azul” “Tequila Agave”

The famous tequila Agave! Large blue leaved rosettes to 5–6′. Inflorescence to 18′, greenish flowers. Known primarily as a cultivar, its origins need elucidation. Thousands of acres are cultivated in Jalisco, Mexico for the heart of the plant, which is very high in fructose and other sugars, used for tequila production and more recently for agave syrup as a natural sweetener. To make tequila it takes about 15 lbs of of the plant heart to produce 1 liter of tequila. The heart is steam cooked in ovens, macerated, the juice then anaerobically fermented in large vats, steam distilled and aged in oak kegs. Seed is very scarce as the flower stalk is usually cut to encourage sugar production and commercially the plants are only propagated vegetatively. This has lead to genetic poverty within the species, thus growing the plant from seed is essential. Tolerant of only mild frost. Z9b
Seed packet $4.25
Plant 2+ years old $9.50

Genus Aloe

Aloaceae or Liliaceae. Large genus centered in South Africa and extending to Madagascar, northern Africa and Arabia. Rosette forming perennials that range from large trees to tiny miniatures. Succulent leaves often with attractive ornamentation and racemes of brightly colored tubular flowers are characteristic of the genus. All Aloe are CITES listed and many are quite rare and endangered. Many species of Aloe have been used medicinally for centuries. The mucilage (or gel) of the inner leaf is applied externally to soothe, heal and moisturize the skin. The gel contains glycoproteins and other substances that speed cell regeneration, protect against infection and radiation burns from both UV and X-rays. It is also a popular and effective folk remedy for many forms of skin cancer. Aloe juice is used internally, fresh or dried, as a laxative and purgative as well as for arthritis, intestinal disorders, cancer, sterility, menstrual problems and many other ailments. A few species are quite toxic and utilized as hunting poisons. The most famous of the genus is undoubtedly Aloe vera (=A. barbadensis) which has found its way into all kinds of modern cosmetics and health care products. The majority of Aloe species are easily cared for, normal succulent culture is required. Sow seeds just below the surface of the soil mix and keep warm for germination in 1-4 weeks. Most species are easily propagated from both seed and cuttings. Aloe make great landscape plants, especially the arborescent ones, and are also readily adapted to pot culture. Hummingbirds are important pollinators and flowering Aloe bring many visitations Spring and Summer. Aloe are truly beneficial plants that no household should ever be without!

Aloe arborescens “Bitteraalwyn”

A large multi branching plant to 10′ tall with dense spiraling rosettes of narrow, wavy, light green leaves and scarlet, orange or yellow flowers. One of the sources of medicinal Cape aloes resin. Leaf sap is often used externally for skin problems and a tea is made from the leaves and roots which is drunk for arthritis, hypertension and stress. Z9b
Seed packet $2

Aloe dichotoma “Kokerboom” “Choje”

One of our favorite Aloe. Arborescent, up to 30′ tall, forming a large bronze colored smooth trunk to 3 feet in diameter. Multibranched with rosettes of slender blue green leaves edged with tiny teeth. 12″ panicles of yellow flowers. Native to Namibia and South Africa. The stems were hollowed out by bushmen and used as quivers for arrows. Wild populations are dying because of a lowering of the water table due to human consumption. Protect from frost. Z10a
Seed packet $2.75

Aloe ferox “Umhlaba”

Large, single stemmed plant 6-10′ tall with the old dried leaves covering the lower portion of the stem. Broad, thick and spiny red-green leaves up to 1 meter long. Huge, dense, multi-branched spikes of red, orange and occasionally yellow flowers. The most common source of Cape aloes, commercial plantations have been started in Albertinia, South Africa. This plant is portrayed in bushman rock paintings and the flower nectar is said to have narcotic properties. Z9b
Seed packet $2.50
3-4″+ seedling 2-3 years old $6.50

Aloe greatheadii v. davyana “Kgophane”

Clumping, stemless rosettes of blue-green leaves with white patterns and spiny red-brown edges. Pink to coral red flowers. One of the sources of Cape aloes resin. Utilized in rainmaking rituals by the Kgatla people and widely used as a snake bite cure. The leaf gel is excellent for bruises and burns. It has also been observed that bees raised exclusively on the flowers of this Aloe become unusually vicious. Makes a great potted plant. Z9a
Seed packet $2.50

Aloe haemanthifolia

One of the rarest, unique and bizarre looking Aloe. 6–8″ tall stemless clusters of thick, tongue-like green leaves with red margins, arranged like the pages of an open book. Scarlet flowers. Endemic to rocky cliffs of the high mountains of the Fynbos, South Africa, between 4300–5300′. Considered critically rare. Said to be impossible to grow, but we’ve found them to be quite easy as long as you remember this is not a desert species but a plant from a cool, high rainfall alpine ecosystem. Provide a soil with excellent drainage, regular water, bright light and avoid prolonged hot temperatures. Z8a/b
Sold out

Aloe marlothii “Mokgopha”

Forms a small tree up to 20′ tall. Rosettes of green leaves with impressive red thorns and horizontal racemes of showy amber yellow flowers. In addition to this Aloe being a source of Cape aloes and a common medicine for stomach troubles, the dried and powdered leaves are popular among natives as an admixture to psychoactive snuffs. Z9a-b
Seed packet $2.50
2-3″+ seedling 2 years old $6.50

Apodanthera sagittifolia

Cucurbitaceae. From a large underground caudex grows annual trailing vines to 6’+ with arrow shaped leaves. Small yellow flowers and  2″ fuzzy oval fruit. Seed from Pehuen, Cordoba, Argentina. The fruit is said to be sweet but inedible? A must for caudex collectors. Z9b
Plant 2 years old $7.75 (limited)

Aptenia cordifolia “Brakvygie” “Ibohlololo”

Aizoaceae. Sprawling groundcover with succulent lime green heart shaped leaves. Bright red-pink flowers bloom Spring through Autumn. A South African native that is an important medicine for Zulu healers. Applied externally the plant is a highly effective anti-inflammatory. An infusion of the leaves is used for sore throats and as a anti-perspirant. A black powder is made from the plant that is said to protect against sorcery and possess magical powers. The presence of several mesembrine alkaloids also found in Sceletium, probably account for the plant being good for calming anxiety. Simple to grow. Roots quickly from cuttings. Z8b
10 seed $2
3 cuttings $4.50

Aspalathus chortophila “Tea Bush”  “Rooibos”

Fabaceae. Spreading shrub to about 3′. Needle like leaves and yellow to orange pea-flowers. Native to South Africa. A traditional bushman tea, similar to the closely related Rooibos: A. linearis. Prefers a mildly acidic sandy soil and sun. Z8b  Sold out

Avonia papyracea (=Anacampseros papyracea)

Portulacaceae. Odd miniature plant with cylindrical stems covered in white papery scales. Tuberous roots and white flowers. An extreme xerophyte native to the hot quartz deserts of South Africa. Has a long history as being used as a yeast plant for baking bread and brewing mead. There is reason to believe Avonia contain psychoactive compounds and were used for more than just their yeast in beer making. The closely related A. rhodesica has an apparent use as a hallucinogen and is prohibited in Zimbabwe because of the powerful intoxicating effects it can produce. Germinate the dust like seeds as you would cacti. Plants do best in bright light, a very porous soil and regular watering. Z9b
Seed packet $3

Avonia quinaria ssp. alstonii

Flat caudex to 6″ wide with small snaky stems covered in miniature silver scales. Purple flowers bloom late afternoon. This bizarre and hopelessly cool plant is a traditional bushman yeast source for making mead with a “kick”. Well drained soil and a dry Winter rest period are needed to keep this oddity growing. Z10a
Seed packet – sold out
1″ plant 4 years old $10 (limited)

Beaucarnea sanctomariana “Santa Maria Ponytail Palm”

Agavaceae. Branching caudiciform tree 12–24′ tall. The conical swollen trunk can reach 5′ across and has thick brown-gray bark with a rectangular to polyhedral pattern. The elongated slender branches are crowned with spherical rosettes of recurved, bright green, grass like leaves to 2.5′ long. Branched inflorescence to 3′ with many small cream-yellow flowers. This newly described endangered species is a microendemic of rocky outcrops in the deciduous dry forest of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, Mexico. Z10a
Plant 6years old $12.50

Begonia dregei  “iDlula” “Baobab-Begonia”

Begoniaceae. Forms a caudex to 4″ across with succulent branches to 18″ high. Maple-like leaves and white to pale pink blossoms. A rare and endangered species from Natal, South Africa that somewhat resembles a miniature baobab. An ideal bonsai. Prefers filtered light but otherwise grow like a succulent. Z9b
Plant 1-2 years old $10

Boweia volubilis “Igibisala”

Hyacinthaceae. An oddity with green, above ground bulbs from which thin leafless climbing and creeping annual flowering stems arise. Small yellow green flowers. Native to South Africa. Potentially very poisonous, containing several cardiac glycosides more than 30 times the potency of digitalis! Despite this, the bulb and bulb scales are widely used by knowledgable native healers for a variety of ailments including headaches and infertility. The fresh juice of the bulb is applied externally, which is questionably the safest method of administration. Zulu men use the bulb to prepare love charms. Easy to grow, makes a wonderful houseplant, thrives even in areas of low light. Sow seeds just below the soil and keep warm. Z8b
Seed packet $2.50
Inquire for plants

Boophane disticha “Gifbol” “Incwadi” “Leshoma”

Amaryllidaceae. Large bulb usually growing partially above ground. Annually produces a dense umbel of numerous pinkred flowers followed by a fan of blue-green strap-like leaves. Occurs sporadically throughout southern Africa up into central Africa. This bulb has a long and extensive history of ethnobotanical use. Applied externally for skin diseases and wound healing. Weak decoctions are said to be an effective sedative. An arrow poison was made from the bulb mixed with Euphorbia latex. The plant is still sometimes utilized as a hallucinogen for divination, overdose is often fatal. Slow growing, usually flowering after 6-8 years from seed. In the wild plants have been found with bulbs over 12″ in diameter believed to be over a century old! Does best with a well draining soil, at least 50% pumice. They usually stay dormant until mid-summer. Water regularly when in leaf, dry while dormant. Cultivation is said to ward off bad dreams and bring good luck. Z9b
Seedling 2-3+ years old $6.50 or 2 for $12

Boophane heamanthoides

Immense above ground bulb that forms clumps with age. Annually produces a dense umbel of yellow flowers that turn pink with age. Twisted upright leaves to 18″ long spread out from the bulb like a huge fan. Occurs in restricted areas of South Africa. Used like Boophane disticha in ethnomedicine. Z9b
Seedling 2-3+ years old $7.50

Genus Boswellia, Bursera, Commiphora

Burseraceae. Xerophytic deciduous small shrubs to large trees, many of which have thick succulent trunks and stems. Limbs contain resin ducts filled with aromatic triterpenes and ethereal oils. When punctured the ducts ooze sap, which when dried is known as Frankincense (Boswellia), Copal (Bursera) and Myrrh (Commiphora) and has an extensive history of religious and medicinal usage. The wood of a South American Bursera is sacred, known as Palo Santo. Boswellia and Commiphora are African and Indian genera while Bursera is primarily a Mexican genus with several species ranging into northern South America, and extreme southern United States. In cultivation they adapt well to bonsai culture, are easily trained and grown into striking specimens. In larger pots they respond to the extra root room, growing to become a large bush. They prefer bright light, a rich well drained soil mix and regular watering and feeding during warm weather. Protect from frost. Very easy and rewarding plants to grow, wonderful to have around, especially for their magical presence and the spicy scents they give off when handled. We are currently propagating many rare species, inquire or subscribe to our Rare Plant List.

Boswellia dioscoridis  “Samani” “Frankincense”

Aromatic, deciduous small tree 10–20′ tall. Swollen trunk and branches, flaking silvery bark. Green to bluish imparipinnate leaves densely crowded at the branch ends. New growth is red-bronze. Clusters of small cream colored flowers. Endemic to the limestone escarpment dry forests of western central Socotra. The dried resin is much esteemed and used ceremonially in Socotra. Soil with 50-75% pumice, bright light, heat and a winter rest are needed to keep this plant thriving. Great for bonsai. Rooted cuts. 10b
6–10″+ plant $38 (very limited)

Boswellia elongata “Frankincense”

Deciduous pachycaul tree. Thick swollen branches, peeling yellowish bark. 8–14″ long slender leaves, simple when young turning pinnate with age, dark green to purple-gray with pale undersides. New growth has an intricate lacy texture like a spiderweb. White flowers. Arid forests of northern Socotra. Aromatic sap often forms beads along the trunk making for easy harvest. A favorite of the rare frankincense. Grow like other Boswellia. Rooted cuts. 10b
8–12″+ plant $38 (only a couple left!)

Boswellia sacra (= Boswellia carteri) “Frankincense”

Small tree to 25′ with pinnately compound leaves and racemes of small white pink flowers. Usually found growing in extremely rocky areas where it sometimes develops a bizarre disc like swelling at the base of the trunk. Native to north eastern Africa and the Arabian peninsula where it reported to be increasingly endangered. Dried sap from the tree is an ancient incense widely revered since the dawn of civilization, often in combination with myrrh. At one time worth more than its weight in gold! It has a powerfully rich fragrance. Used medicinally as a cure all, it has very strong anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Very rare in cultivation, but fairly easy to grow. It prefers a deep pot and soil with at least 50% pumice stone for its thickened edible roots. Grow like Bursera. The seed naturally has low viability, about 10%, which accounts for the rareness and the high value of the plant. Seed need consistent warmth, 85–95° F, to germinate in 2–4 weeks. Z10a/b
10 seed $5
3–5″ plant $24 (limited)

Boswellia serrata “Indian Frankincense” “Salai”

Deciduous tree 15-35’+ tall, thickened stems and peeling bark. Pinnate leaves with serrate margins. Native to the dry tropical forests of India and Pakistan. A highly important medicinal and sacred aromatic incense, similar to African Frankincense, B. sacra. Exceedingly scarce in cultivation. Germination is tricky, nicking the seed and keeping very warm, 80-90°+ F has given us about 60% germination. Z10b  Inquire for plants

Bursera aptera “Copal”

Small tree to 25′. Thick pachycaul trunk, green with cream to golden peeling bark. Light green, imparipinnate leaves with small leaflets. Native to the dry deciduous forests of central Mexico. Rich in sweet balsamy oils. A species with fantastic form for bonsai. Very rare in cultivation. Rooted cuts. Z10a
6–12″+ plant $20 (very limited)

Bursera fagaroides “Copal”

A really wonderful plant. Shrub or small tree to 20′. Thick swollen trunks and limbs with smooth golden bark that exfoliates in thin papery sheets. Pinnate leaves, tiny flowers followed by purple green berries. Widespread throughout the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts of Mexico. The sap is the most common source of Copal, highly aromatic with a sweet citrus like scent. Dormant much of the year, leafing out only with the onset of hot weather. They defoliate in Autumn with an attractive display as the leaves change to yellow, orange and red. Z10a
8-15″+ treelet 3 years old $14 or 3 plants for $30

Bursera hindsiana   “Copalquin” “Torote Prieto” “Xoop Inl”

Shrub to small multi-trunked tree. Fat trunks with beautiful smooth red to grayish bark, velvety trifoliate leaves. Native to the rocky hills and slopes of Sonora and much of Baja. Sacred to the Seri who believe it to be the first plant created. The bark is used medicinally for congestion and as an antiseptic. The sap has a wonderful sweet balsam scent, one of the best copals of Baja. Seri shamans utilized the wood for carving special fetishes (“santos”)  used in vision quests and for curing and protective purposes. Edible seeds and fruit. Grow as other Bursera. Seed from southern Baja. Z9b/10a
6-8″+ treelet 3 years old $12.50 (limited)

Bursera microphylla “Copal Oro” “Torote Blanco” “Xoop”

Shrub or low branched tree with thick contorted trunks. Young branches are red-brown, bark of older limbs turns whitish yellow, peeling in papery flakes. Thin pinnate leaves. Intoxicatingly aromatic sap, known to squirt from the branches when handled during hot weather. Grows in isolated areas of southeast California, southwest Arizona, western Sonora and most of Baja. US populations are considered at risk. The Seri knew the tree to have a powerful spirit, it featured prominently in religious practices. During vision quests they would fast for 4 days often drinking only tea made from the branches. Leaves, twigs and fruits have many medicinal purposes, twig tea being a particularly effective disinfectant. The inner bark was made into a face paint, said to bleach a person’s skin white with continued use. Z9b
6-10″+ treelet 2-3 years old $14 (very limited)

Bursera odorata “Copal” “Torote Blanco”

One of the smaller Copal species, usually a dwarf tree under 10′. Swollen caudiciform trunk with golden peeling bark. Pinnate leaves, small yellow flowers. Mountain to coastal dry forest, Baja and mainland Mexico. The sap is very aromatic with a sweet-balsam odor. Z10a
6″+ treelet 1-2 years old $16

Commiphora angolensis   “Sand Myrrh” “Munyera”

Burseraceae. Heavily branched multistemmed shrub to small trees. Blue-green to golden peeling bark. Deciduous leaves with 3–5 leaflets. Small green flowers, red berries. Native to sandy bushveld of Southern Africa. Contains aromatic sap like other Myrrh species. The roots are host of Diamphidia beetle larva which are made into a potent arrow poison by the San. Young roots are chewed for their sweetness. Containers and utensils are carve from the bark. Sap and ground bark used for disinfecting wounds. Grow like Bursera. One of the better species for bonsai. Z10a
5 seed $4

Commiphora africana  “Gum Bdellium” “Mothapo” “Wild Myrrh”

Deciduous shrub to small tree with gray flaking bark, trifoliate leaves, and small red flowers. A southern African species, similar to Myrrh, the aromatic resin is used to treat fevers, cramps, snake bite, and as an insecticide. Edible roots. Z10a  Sold out

Commiphora berryi  “Mudgiluvai”  “Indian Myrrh”

Spiny branched deciduous shrub/tree to 6–25′. Silver-gray bark, small trifoliate leaves, white flowers and red berries. Native to arid regions of southern India where it was planted as a living fence but is now considered increasingly rare. The fragrant sap is known as Mulu Kilavary and used as an incense and fixative for perfumes. It is used in traditional medicine as an astringent, antiseptic, diuretic and carminative. Research shows the bark to have antioxidant, antibacterial and liver-protective properties. This beneficial plant has yet to be cultivated outside of India and should grow well in containers as a bonsai or planted out in frost free regions where Bursera thrive. Z10a
5 seed $5

Commiphora guillaumini “Arofy”

Attractive medium size tree with green trunk and yellow peeling bark. Pinnate leaves. Native to the dry deciduous forests of western Madagascar. Considered an important timber tree. The Mikea make a preparation of the bark for wound healing. A rare favorite among collectors of bonsai-able succulents. Z10b  Sold out

Commiphora marlothii “Muwirowiro”  “Wild Myrrh”

Aromatic medium size tree with green to golden peeling bark. Compound leaves, small yellow flowers, and red edible fruit. Native to dry rocky areas of south eastern Africa. The fruit is made into jam. Another interesting Myrrh species. Z10a  inquire for plants

Commiphora mollis “Mugumbati”  “Wild Myrrh”

Aromatic tree to 25′. Grey to dark green bark and deciduous velvety compound leaves. Small reddish flowers. A southern African species found in hot, dry areas. The roots are eaten by people, elephants and warthogs. Poles from the tree are used in ceremonies and the wood is carved for ornaments and utensils. Z10a sold out

Commiphora mukul  “Guggul” “Indian Myrrh”

Attractive small deciduous tree with spinescent branches, thickened trunks and gray peeling bark. Grows wild in the semi-arid states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Karnataka in India. The sweet smelling aromatic sap, similar to Myrrh, has been utilized in Ayurvedic medicine for over 3,000 years as a treatment for arthritic conditions and heart disease. Modern clinical studies show it to be anti-inflammatory, lower cholesterol and burn excess body fat. The trees are now endangered due to the increased demand for the resin which has led to harvesting practices that eventually kill the trees. Easy to grow, drought hardy and a natural bonsai. Z10a
5 seed $4
Treelet 2 years old $9.50

Commiphora pyracanthoides  “Torchwood” “Moroka” “Wild Myrrh”

Multibranching spiny shrub to 15’+ related to myrrh. Peeling silver bark and simple to trifoliate leaves. Southern Africa. The aromatic sap and gum is edible, the roots are also eaten by man and many other beasts. The ground wood is used as firestarter. Z10a–b
5 seed $4 (limited)

Commiphora schimperi  “Myrrh”  “Seroka”  “Osilalei”

Deciduous bush to small tree. Green bark that peels in yellow flakes. Densely arranged clusters of small trifoliate leaves adorn the spined branches. Small red flowers. Aromatic sap an official source for Myrrh resin. Native to dry areas of east Africa, from north to south. Elephant food. Used by the Maasai in antimalaria preparations and the young roots eaten for their sweet flavor. Sticks are considered excellent firestarters. Z10a.  sold out

Commiphora simplicifolia “Madgascar Myrrh”

Small thorny tree with thickened caudiciform trunk. Gray to golden peeling bark and simple leaves. Highly aromatic. Madagascar endemic. Beautiful rare species that does well in cultivation. Rooted cuts from seed grown clones. Z10b  sold out

Calibanus hookeri

Agavaceae. Unusual monotypic genus. Forms a corky hemispherical caudex reported to reach 6′ or more in diameter! Tufts of long grass-like blue green leaves grow from the top of the caudex. Endemic to the dry mountainous lands of Hidalgo, San Luis Potosi and Tamaulipas, Mexico. Locals use the leaves for weaving, thatching and scouring. Easy to grow and fairly cold hardy. A great houseplant or rock garden subject. Knick and soak seed. Z8b
Seed packet $3
Plant 2-3+ years old $7.50

Cotyledon orbiculata “Plakkie” “Kouterie”

Crassulaceae. Small succulent shrub that has thick, fleshy silver leaves with red margins. Orange to red tubular flowers borne on long, slender stalks. A favorite of hummingbirds. Distributed throughout South Africa where it is widely used in traditional medicine. The leaves are used to soften and remove warts and a poultice is made to treat inflammations. Leaf juice is made into drops to treat ear and tooth aches.Contains several cardiac glycosides, making internal use potentially lethal. Easy, makes a wonderful landscape plant. Z8a
Seed packet $2

Cyclopia galioides “Honeybush Tea”

Fabaceae. Small stout shrub to 3′, bright yellow pea flowers. Endemic to the Cape fynbos region of South Africa. The leaves, twigs and blossoms are lightly fermented and made into a tea that is a traditional drink of the Khoi and San people. Z8a
sold out

Cyclopia subternata “Honeybush Tea”

Another great Honeybush tea shrub from the Cape fynbos. 4-8′ tall, yellow flowers. The leaves, twigs and blossoms are lightly fermented and made into a tea that is a traditional drink of the Khoi and San people. The tea is now highly esteemed outside its native range due to its delectable taste and health generating effects. This drought tolerant plant is virtually unknown in cultivation outside South Africa. Scarify, sow 1/4″ deep to germinate in 2-6 weeks, prefers cool weather to germinate. Z8a
10 seed $4
50 seed $16

Dasylirion wheeleri BK11223.2 “Sotol”

Nolinaceae or Agavaceae. Unique shaggy trunked plant to 5’+ tall. Rosettes of slender grey green leaves with toothed margins, like a hacksaw. The large flower spire can reach well over 12′ bearing many small white flowers. Seed collected in the hills around Mimbres Hotsprings, NM above 6,000′. The strong  leaf fibers were valued for making cordage, the young flower stalks roasted and eaten. In northern Mexico a liquor known as “sotol” was made from the plant. A great landscape specimen, heat and drought tolerant. Germinates better with cold treatment. Z7a
Seed packet $3

Genus Delosperma

Aizoaceae. Large, ill defined ice plant genus from south to east Africa, Madagascar and Arabia. Succulents of diverse habit, sprawling shrubs to miniature plants with low compact leaves and caudex. Abundant small flowers that dazzle with an almost metallic sheen. Fast from seed, sprout as you would for finely seeded cacti. Easily propagated from cuttings. Normal succulent care. Excellent groundcovers and the perfect addition to the rock garden.

The following Delosperma species are $2.50 per seed packet

Delosperma bosseranum

Aizoaceae. Narrow succulent leaves, white flowers and swollen caudiciform roots. Native to Madagascar. Z10a
Plant 2 years old $4.50 or 3 for $10

Delosperma cooperi 

Sprawling groundcover with small leaves that resemble the tails of geckos and pink-purple flowers. Ideal succulent groundcover. Z8a
Plant $4

Delosperma harazianum

Small cushion forming species with slender grey blue pointed succulent leaves and pink flowers. Native to south Yemen. Reported to contain tryptamines. Z9b

Delosperma lavisae

Succulent matts to 12″+ tall with dark green leaves and large magenta flowers. An excellent and well behaved hardy groundcover. Z6b

Delosperma lehmanni

Attractive stubby blue-green leaves, yellow flowers. Z9b

Delosperma napiforme

Small narrow leaves that turn red in bright light. White flowers, underground caudex. From Reunion Island. Z10a Sold out

Delosperma sphalmanthoides

Dense cushions of succulent blue-green upward pointing leaves, to about 1/2″ high. Purple flowers. Komsberg Mountains, South Africa. This irresistible miniature plant is our favorite of the genus. The leaves have a pleasant spicy scent. Well draining soil and bright light. Rooted cuts. Z5a
1-2″+ plant $9.50

Delosperma steytlerae

Lizard tail leaves, white to pink flowers. Zimbabwe. Z9a
Plant $4

Delosperma uncinatum 

Erect shrublet. 3 sided leaves. White, purple tipped flowers. Z9a

Deuterocohnia longipetala

Bromeliaceae. Puya-like multiheaded mounds to 2–4′ made up of rosettes of recurved, toothed, silver leaves. Erect branched inflorescence with tubular yellow flowers. Seed from the dry valleys of northern Peru where it occurs up to 5000′. Another beautiful pineapple relative. Sun and drought hardy. Z9b
3″+ plant 2+ years old $6.50 or 2 for $11

Dioscorea elephantipes (=Testudinaria elephantipes) “Elephant’s Foot” “Turtleback”

Dioscoreaceae. Forms a large globose caudex, covered in a corky bark that separates with age into superbly sculptured, prominent, polygonal tubercles. Twining annual vines arise from the top of the caudex bearing glossy green heart shaped leaves and tassels of small yellow flowers. Native to South Africa where the caudex can become massive with age, up to 2 meters in diameter and height and weighing up to 700 pounds! The inner flesh of the caudex is reportedly edible and eaten by bushmen. Plants were once nearly eradicated in the wild during the search for commercially valuable sources of steroidal saponins like diosgenin; used to synthesize cortisone and birth control pills. Fortunately, removal of plants from their habitat proved difficult and as cheaper and more viable sources of these steroids became available, collection efforts ceased. This plant responds well to cultivation and makes an easy and wonderfully unusual houseplant. Sow seeds 1/4″ deep and keep warm. The caudex is initially formed underground, and though you’ll want to expose it, we recommend you leave it covered for the first 2-3 years because growth is most rapid this way. A must have for collectors of the bizarre! Z9b
sold out

Dioscorea hemicrypta

Forms a woody conical caudex, up to 2′ wide. Multiple vines with blue-green leaves arise from the caudex. This lovely South African species is much sought after by caudiciform collectors, but very rarely available. Can be slow to germinate. Z10a
5 seed $3
Inquire for plants

Dioscorea sylvatica

Another South African species that forms an attractive smooth woody caudex, sometimes branched or lobed. Thin twining vines and heart shaped leaves. Decoctions of the caudex are used for chest conditions, as a blood purifier and ritual emetic. Used topically for rashes and swelling. A significant source of diosgenin. A good houseplant, we’ve grown several of these happily indoors for well over a decade. Z9a
5 seed $2.50

For other Dioscorea see Andean & Chilean offerings

Dovyalis caffra “Kei Apple”

Flacourtiaceae. Spiny shrub to 8-15′. Small white flowers. 1.5″+ fleshy edible yellow fruits. South Africa to Zimbabwe. The fruits have a excellent sweet sour taste, popular as jam. Commercial plantings have been done in Isreal. Worth trialing as a fruit crop in your garden. Drought tolerant. Z8b
5out

Dudleya collomiae (= Echeveria collomiae)

Crassulaceae. 3–4″ rosettes of succulent pointed leaves, glaucus blue with white powdering. Red stemmed flower stalk to 12″ high with yellow blossoms. Mountains of Yavapai Co., Arizona, near 4500′. One of the hardier species. Regular succulent care. Z7a/b
2–3″+ plant 1–2 years old $6.50

other Dudleya species – see CA Natives section

Echeveria species – see Andean Collections

Genus Ephedra

Ephedraceae. We became enamored with these primordial plants several years ago and are now propagating about 25 species, one of the larger collections we know of. Ephedra is a genus of some 40 or 50 species that are part of the curious order Gnetale (along with Gnetum and the utterly weird Welwitschia). Bizarre ancient plants with nearly leafless photosynthetic jointed stems, from small rock hugging high altitude miniatures to 6’+ shrubs. Small “flowers” (actually just pollen bearing cones) and papery or fleshy berry-like seed cones. Long considered primitive gymnosperms, a link between flowering plants and conifers, but current genetic and fossil studies have brought up a number of unresolved questions, deepening the mystery around this once widespread order of plants. It may be that the Gnetale have long kept their own company and are not closely related to either gymnosperms or angiosperms. Ephedra in their more current incarnation have been here for a long time, at least 120 million years according to current studies. They are now native to arid and high altitude regions across the Americas, Eurasia, and northern Africa.
These interesting plants have been highly valued by many cultures as food and for their medicinal and stimulant properties. In Mongolia the “fruits” and seed of E. sinica are an important food, being rich in protein, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. Stem tea of many species is an excellent source of minerals, especially calcium. Many of the Old World species contain ephedrine alkaloids, powerful antihistamines and psychoactive CNS stimulants. The presence of these alkaloids in significant amounts in the American species is in some doubt but they do contain beneficial antioxidant proanthocyanidens, cyclopropyl amino acids and kynurenates known to be antimicrobial and stimulate neuroactivity, which may account for the psychoactivity of the New World species rather than ephedrine alkaloids. Several of the species from southwestern USA have the distinction of once being a plant ally to the Mormons and the plants are still referred to a “Mormon Tea”, though this relationship is disappearing. Here in California the Chumash used E. viridis and other species to inspire “sacred dreams”. Ephedrine rich Ma Huang (primarily E.sinica, but also E. intermedia, E. equisetina, E. minuta and E.minima) has been widely used in Chinese medicine for 5,000 years to safely treat fever, nasal congestion, and asthma. Ephedra has even been suggested as a source of the ancient primordial drugplant Soma. The discovery of Ephedra pollen at a burial site in Iraq has led to speculation that medicinal use of this species by man dates back at least 60,000 years!
We’ve had many opportunities to admire some of the poorly defined (both taxonomically and chemically) Andean species in Peru and Bolivia. E. americana is common in the interAndean valleys, between about 8,000–12,500′, growing on steep slopes, rocky areas and relictual dry forest. These plants are often found growing with Trichocereus cacti and make excellent companion plants in cultivation. There seems to be broad variety of form, from upright bushy plants to more scraggly almost decumbent ones. The sweet red “berries” vary from small to nearly grape size, and are always a welcome snack when encountered. Above 13,000′ occurs the diminutive and adorable E. rupestris, usually found growing in the cracks of rocks and reaching no more than 1/2″ tall. In the Cordillera Negra of Peru there is a dense clumping form of this species (possibly even a distinct species) that develops into low, dense mounds to several feet across. Both Andean species are highly regarded in ethnomedicine for the kidneys and liver, as a blood cleanser and urinary tonic, digestive aid, antiseptic, for bruises and fractures, fever and arthritis. There are several additional species that occur in Chile and Argentina. Anecdotal reports suggest that E. breana from the Atacama Desert may be very rich in ephedrine alkaloids or other neuroactive secondary compounds, but to our knowledge no analysis has been done.
Ephedra are easy to grow, usually very cold hardy, sun and drought tolerant. Most are tolerant of fairly high rainfall as long as they have a gritty well draining soil. They are excellent landscape plants, especially in arid and cold regions, and should be further explored as necessary additions to any edible/medicinal garden. The smaller species make interesting rock garden subjects and are well adaptable to container culture.
We encourage you to try growing one or several species and rekindle a relationship with one of humanity’s ancient plant allies. These ancient kin whisper to us of another age when life ran riot on a grand and gargantuan scale. These are plants that likely provided nourishment and medicine to our earliest mammalian ancestors as they scurried beneath the lumbering feet of dinosaurs! There is still much to learn about and from our planet’s ancient life forms.

Ephedra americana and E. rupestris – see Andean Collections

Ephedra aspera “Popotillo” “Mormon Tea”  CA Native

Jointed bush 1–3′. Small yellow flowers, brown fruits. Native to the southwestern US and northern Mexico. Brewed as a refreshing tea. An amazingly rich source of calcium, trace amounts of ephedrine alkaloids. Seed collected at 4,500′, Mono County, CA. Z5b
Plant 3 years old $8.50 (limited)

Ephedra breana and E. chilensis – see Chilean Collection

Ephedra campylopoda

Large bushy blue-gray species, 4–6’+ tall. Prolific large red fruits and meaty seeds. Wild seed from the volcanic Methana Peninsula, Peloponnese, southern Greece. Once known as “food of Saturn”. Medicinal, but does not contain ephedrine. The abundant edible fruit and seeds make it an interesting choice for the edible landscape. Drought hardy. Z8b or below.
Seed packet $3.50
6″+ plant 2-3 years old $8.50

Ephedra equisetina “Mu Zei Ma Huang”

Jointed stems to 3’+. Small red edible fruit. Native to the mountains of Asia and Russia, up to about 10,000′. Used in Chinese medicine as a bronchodialator, antiviral, and diaphoretic. Contains some of the highest amounts of ephedrine alkaloids of the Asian Ephedra. Z5b
Seed packet $3

Ephedra ‘fedtschenkoana’

A dwarf rhizomatic species. Fleshy bright red fruit. Ex Holubec collection from granite crevices in the high mountains of Talasskii Ala Tau, Kyrgyzstan. One of the poorly understood ephedrine-rich Asian alpine species, the correct species name is likely fedtschenkoae. Plants from this seed stock have been larger and more vigorous than the teeny plants we have growing from other locales. Z5a
Sold out

Ephedra gerardiana “Somlata” “Tse” “Shan Ling Ma Huang”

Clumps of highly glaucus stems to 2–3′. Reddish edible fruit. Seed collected in the cold desert of the Nubra Valley, Ladakh India, around 14,300′. Rich in ephedrine alkaloids, from .28–2.79%. Important in traditional medicine throughout the Himalaya. Fresh branches used as a tooth brush, powdered stems for asthma, fever, rheumatism, headaches, liver disorders and as a blood purifier. Stems are burnt and the ash used as a snuff. Winter browse for livestock. The increasing demand for this species has raised concerns about the overexploitation of wild populations. Z6a.
Seed packet $4.25

Ephedra intermedia “Zhong Ma Huang” “Tse”

Erect glaucous stems to 2”+. Red edible fruit. Native to Eurasia, from dry low elevation grasslands to mountains up to 14,000′. Used in Chinese medicine similar to E. sinica, but contains higher amounts of the antihistamine pseudoephedrine and the antiinflammatory ephedraxone. It also has traditional use as an aphrodisiac. Considered a substitute for Haoma. Z5b
Seed packet $3

Ephedra major

Shrubby species, 3–6′ tall. Edible red fruits. Found from the Mediterranean to western Asia. An appreciably rich source of ephedrine, the plant has a long history of medicinal use. Drought hardy. Z6   sold out

Ephedra minima “Dan Zi Ma Huang”

Dwarf mat-forming species 4-10″ tall. Yellow flowers and bright red fleshy berries. Native to dry rocky areas of China, Mongolia, and Russia, up to 14,000′. Used in Oriental medicine like other species. Makes an unusual and extremely hardy groundcover, to Z4b.
Plant 3 years old $9.50

Ephedra minuta? ‘Jurasek, Qinghai’   “Ai Ma Huang”

Minute creeping species to 1″ tall with bluish stems and red fruit, much smaller than E. minima. Jurasek seed collection from 14,200′, Huashixia, Qinghai, China. Contains ephedrine alkaloids. Stays very small in cultivation. Z4 or 5?
Plant 3 years old $12.50  (limited)

Ephedra monosperma Sajan, Siberia

Small mat-forming species to about 6″+. Relatively large red edible fruit. From seed collected by Pavelka at 6,500′ in the remote Sajan Mountains of Siberia. An ephedrine containing species, distributed throughout Asia and considered to be closely related to E. minima. Russian populations are considered endangered. Z3a
Sold out

Ephedra nevadensis  “Tu Tut” “Desert Jointfir ” CA Native

Weird subshrub with stems 1-4′ tall. Yellowish fruit. Native to dry rocky areas of the southwestern USA, up to 6,000′ +. Fossil records show that it has been used by people since prehistory. Many indigenous tribes utilize it as a blood purifier and refreshing, mildly stimulating tonic tea. Seeds ground and eaten. Possibly contains pseudoephedrine. Z6a
Seed packet $2.75
Plant 1-2 years old $8.50

Ephedra sinica  “Ma Huang” “Zhegergen”

Small shrub to 1.5′ tall. Red fleshy edible fruit. Native to dry, rocky mountain slopes of China and Mongolia, up to 5,000′. The fruits are an important food in Mongolia, being super rich in protein, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. Also known as “Cao Ma Huang”, the herb has been widely used in Chinese medicine for 5,000 years to treat fever, nasal congestion, and asthma. Contains significant amounts of ephedrine alkaloids. Because of misuse of purified ephedrine in diet and stimulant/aphrodisiac products, the FDA has severely restricted products containing ephedrine. This has unfortunately lead to scarcity of the whole herb, which, unlike using the isolated ephedrine, rarely gives rise to side-effects. Fortunately it is still acceptable to grow the plant and benefit from its medicinal properties from the safety of your garden. Z5b
Seed packet $3

Ephedra torreyana (=E. trifurca) “Popotillo”

Upright gray-green angled stems to 2′. Branches 3 ways at each stem node. Papery tan fruit. Bradshaw collection from Emery Co., Utah, at 4300′. Used for cough, fevers, kidney and bladder problems. There’s claims it contains caffeine and ephedrine, but we find this doubtful. Tests positive for cyclopropyl amino acids and kynurenates. Very drought hardy. Z5a
6″+ Plant 2-3 years old $8.50

Ephedra viridis  “Kiwikiw” “Mormon Tea” CA Native

Stems 1-3′ tall. Yellow edible fruit. Native to the southwestern USA, up to 7,500′. Used by numerous tribes as a tea for kidney and blood cleansing, colds, headache, and an esteemed general tonic. Popular among Mormon settlers. Some reports ay it contains pseudophedrine. The Chumash used it to induce “sacred dreams”. The seeds were roasted and ground into a meal. Grow like other dryland species. Z5b
Seed packet $2.75
Plant 2+ years old $8.50

Erythrina flabelliformis “Chilicote” “Colorin”

Fabaceae. Pachycaul tree 10–30’+. Smooth grey bark with striations of white and green. Deciduous trifoliate leaves and spined stems. Many flowered racemes of brilliant bright red flowers in the Spring. Red to orange or yellow seeds. Restricted areas of southern Arizona, new Mexico and remnant dry forest throughout northern Mexico and Baja. The seeds are often used in jewelry, though they are quite toxic. Small amounts are used medicinally. There is speculation that the seeds may have once been used as a psychoactive additive to maize beers by the Chiricahua Apache. Z9b/10a
8″+ treelet 3 years old $14 (limited)

Erythrina humeana

Prickly shrub to 12′ or so. Trifoliate leaves and racemes of scarlet flowers. Native to the dry scrub forest of coastal South Africa. The bark is used for wound healing and arthritis. Knick and soak seeds to sprout. Z10a
5 seed $3

Erythrina lysistemon “Coral Tree” “Umsinsi”

Pretty South African tree up to 30′ tall with thick thorny branches. Bright scarlet flowers appear in spring before the leaves. Cylindrical pods and shiny red seeds with a black spot. The bark is used topically to treat arthritis, sores and wounds. The seeds are popular in jewelry. Contains toxic alkaloids. Z10a
5 seed $3

Euclea divinorum “Magic Guarri”

Ebenaceae. South African shrub or small tree to 25′. Smooth gray bark and green leathery leaves. Tiny white flowers in dense heads, small round edible fruits. The root bark has a variety of uses: to treat headache and epilepsy, an important source for brown dye, pieces are chewed for dental care and made into an effective mouthwash. Euclea are known to be burned and the smoke inhaled for divinatory purposes. Knick and soak seed overnight, sprouts in 2-6 weeks. A good bonsai subject. Z9a-b
5 seed $3
Inquire for plants

Euclea natalensis “Inkunzane”

An attractive tree to 40′. Small scented whitish flowers. Native to South Africa. The Zulu utilize the plant for a variety of medicines and for divination. Hard white wood with brown markings. Hardier than E. divinorum, easy to Z9a.
10 seed $2.75

Ficus brandegeei BK101105.3 “Zalate”

Moraceae. Pachycaul tree to 40′ with massive trunks and roots. Elegant smooth white bark, heart shaped leaves and small figs. Young plants quickly form a caudex and make excellent bonsai. This gorgeous rock-fig favors cliffsides as a habitat, the white roots and trunk seeming to be an arboreal expression of the white granite mountains of southern Baja. Surface sow seed. Does well as a houseplant. Z9b sold out

Ficus palmeri BK101105.2  “Zalate”

Moraceae. Tree to 40′. Elegant smooth white bark, heart shaped leaves. Small figs. Young plants form an attractive caudex and make excellent bonsai. This gorgeous rock fig seems to favor cliffsides as a habitat in southern Baja. Easy to grow, great houseplant. Z9b/10a
sold out

Fockea edulis “Bergkambroo”

Asclepiadaceae. Develops a large warty caudex/tuber up to a foot in diameter and several feet long. A mass of twining stems arise from the top of the caudex. Small unusual star like flowers. This oddity has a long history as an important food and water source for the tribal people of South Africa and has contributed over the ages to human survival in the Kalahari desert. The caudex is eaten fresh, baked like sweet potato and made into a chunky jam. Easily grown and a favorite among caudiciphiles. When growing for food, transplant to 5 or 10 gallon pots after the first year and harvest the root in the 3rd or 4th year. Tolerant of mild frost if well mulched. Z9b
Plant with fat caudex  4+ years old $12.50

Geissorhiza corrugata

Iridaceae. Bulb with very cute, blue-green, spirally curled slender leaves to 2″+. Bright yellow crocus-like flowers. Shale slopes, Roggeveld Center, South Africa. A winter grower, give it gritty soil and a dry summer rest. Bright sun for maximum leaf curliness! Z8a
Plant/bulb 4 years old $9.50

Gibbeaum dispar “S’Keng Keng” “Dumpiesnuif”

Aizoaceae. Small clump forming ice plant. Pairs of fat succulent fuzzy pink gray leaves separated by a deep fissure. Violet colored flowers. One of many medicinal South African mesembs. The dried pulverized plant is chewed, snuffed or smoked. Thought to contain mesembrine alkaloids like Sceletium. Easily cultivated, but slow. Winter grower. Z9a
Seed packet $3

Grewia bicolor “Ngogo”

Tiliaceae. Shrub to 7’+. Lanceolate leaves with serrated margins. Yellow flowers folllowed by edible berries. Native to southern Africa. The flexible straight branches were made into bows and arrows, and used in ceremonies to ward off earthquakes. The roots were used for swellings and chest conditons. Leaves are used by healers when exorcizing spirits. The fruits are made into an alcoholic brew and it is reported that when soaked in water for a few hours they produce an inebriating infusion. Drought tolerant. Z9b
5 seed $3

Haworthia limifolia “Umathithibala” “Fairy Washboard”

Aloaceae or Liliaceae. Clustering rosettes to 6″ with as many as 20 pointed leaves covered in small transverse ridges. Thin stalks bearing small white flowers. Native to the northern Zululand and the former Transvaal, South Africa. Used by the Zulu to treat gastro-intestinal problems, but more commonly planted as a charm on the roofs of homes for protection against evil, lightning and thunder. Such widespread use has contributed to the near extinction of wild plants. Easily grown, regular succulent culture. The flowers attract hummingbirds. Great as a houseplant, even in areas of low light. Z9b
2″+ plant $5.50

Haworthia limifolia v. umbomboensis

Clustering succulent rosettes to 6″+. Pointed, triangular leaves, lime-green with pinkish hues in bright light. Small white flowers on slender stalks. Umbombo Mountains, Swaziland, southern Africa. Z9b?
Plant $5.75

Hechtia isthmusiana?

Bromeliaceae. Relatively small rosettes of stiff, recurved, green leaves that turn a deep rust color in bright light. Slight silver striations on the underside of the leaves. Short marginal spines. A new species from Nizanda, Oaxaca, Mexico. Should have white flowers if ID is correct, if flowers are reddish it may be H. macdougalii. Z10a?
3–4″+ plant 2 years old $9.50

Hechtia lepidophylla?   “Mescalito”

Silvery clustering rosettes of slender recurved leaves with toothed margins. White flowers. If I.D. is correct this is a newly described species from south of Pena Blanca, Queretaro, Mexico. Prefers a hot, sunny location. Z10a
3–4″ plant 2 years old $7.50

Hechtia montana BK101105.4   “Mescalito”

Dark green clustering rosettes with slender toothed leaves. Flower stalks to 4′ with white flowers. Forms large colonies on the steep granite cliffsides in the canyons of Baja’s Cape Mountains, 3,000–5,000′. Grow like Puya. Z9a/b
Seed packet $3
3–4″ plant 3 years old $7.50

Hechtia perotensis?

Forms a colony of compact, 12″+ rosettes. The slender silver leaves are rigid, erect or recurved and thorned along the margins. Flower stalk to 5′ with greenish yellow blossoms. Recently described from dry, rocky slopes of Puebla and Veracruz, Mexico up to 8000′. Grow like Puya. Z9a/b?
3–4″+ plant 2 years old $7.50

Hechtia sp. ‘Miahuatlan’

Rosettes of thick, stiff, dark green leaves dusted with tiny silver scales. Large marginal thorns. Seed from Miahuatlan, Oaxaca, Mexico. We’ll have to until the plants bloom to get a clear ID. Sun, heat and drought hardy. Z9b/10a?
3–4″+ plant 2 years old $7.50 or 3 for $19

Hechtia sp. ‘Rio Zapotitlan’

Rosettes of long, recurved, deep green leaves with silver flecking. Large, curved, reddish marginal spines. Seed from Puebla, Mexico. An attractive unidentified plant–possibly a new species. Z9b/10a?
3–4″+ plant 2 years old $7.50 or 3 for $19

Hoodia gordonii “Bobbejaanghap” “Bitterghap”

Alscepiadaceae. Leafless gray succulent stems up to several feet tall that branch from the base of the plant in candelabra like fashion. The stems are covered in conical tubercles tipped with stiff, sharp thorns. Large dish like purple-brown flowers bloom along the sides of the stem. The flowers have a stench like carrion to attract the plants’ main pollinators – flies. This unusual milkweed, that superficially resembles a cactus, is native to arid regions of south west Africa. The bitter stems are eaten fresh as a food, as a unique appetite suppressant (scores of Hoodia “diet” products are now being marketed) and to treat ulcers and other stomach problems. The plant is said to have an interesting licorice like aftertaste which apparently gives tobacco smoke a pleasant flavor. Needs a soil mix of at least 60% pumice and strong, bright light. Wild populations are now threatened due to overharvesting for the herbal market. Z10a
10 seed $4

Ipomoea albivenea

Convolvulaceae. Attractive South African morning glory that develops a fat gray pachycaul trunk. Thick gray vines arise from the top of the trunk bearing felty silver green heart shaped leaves and 3-4″ white, night blooming flowers with pale pink or yellow throats. Native to Kwazulu-Natal and the old Transvaal provinces. Easy to sprout, just nick and soak the seed. Needs a large deep container for the thick tuberous roots and the soil mix should have excellent drainage. The vines can be trellised and tend to be perennial if kept above 50 F. Z10a-b
Seed packet $3

Ipomoea arborescens  “Tree Morning Glory”

Upright pachycaul tree that can reach 15–50′ tall. White bark, ovate to heart-shaped deciduous leaves, white morning glory flowers. Native to the dry woodlands of Mexico, this seed from Huajuapan de Leon, Oaxaca. Forests of this pale barked beauty have a mysterious ghostly quality. Roots contain novel glycosides. Bark used in ethnomedicine as an antiinflammatory and for snake bite. Grow like Bursera, natural bonsai when confined to a pot. Z9b/10a?
6–12″ plant 2-3 years old $16.50

Ipomoea jaegeri “Shrub Morning Glory”

Erect semi-succulent shrub to 2′. Long narrow leaves and silver hairy shoots. White or pink morning glory flowers with dark center. Another unique shrubby morning glory from South Africa. New to cultivation, and a must for the collector. Knick seed to sprout. Z10a
5–8″+ plant $14.50 (limited)

Ipomoea longituba  “Enchilewa”

An upright to sprawling pachycaul morning glory. Whitish stems to 3′ high and caudex to 6″+ wide with several additional tubers formed to 18″ long below ground. Ovate to heart shaped green-gray leaves. Large white flowers with a long tubular corolla. Native to southern Africa. In Kenya the tubers are eaten raw, said to have a sweet taste, also roasted or boiled and used in veterinary medicine. Drought hardy, deciduous when dry. Z10a
sold out

Ipomoea platense

Uncommon morning glory that forms a large twisted and branched caudex to 10 pounds. Vigorous purple green vines, palmate leaves and a profusion of 3″ lavender flowers. Endemic to the Rio Plato region of Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. These plants thrive in warm conditions, like regular water, grow fast and need a large pot to accommodate their caudex. The vine can be trellised and is usually perennial if kept from cold. Plants can be repotted every few years and the roots raised some to show off the beautiful braided caudex. Does well in most houseplant environments but needs regular pruning. Z10a
5 seed $2.50

Ipomoea pubescens  BLM0053 “Pubescent Morning Glory”

Napiforme perennial caudex with an annual twining vine. Trilobed pubescent leaves. Iridescent blue-purple morning glory flowers. A rare species that has a wide distribution, from Mexico to Argentina. Seed originally from San Luis Potosi, Mexico populations. Z10a
5 seed $2.50

Ipomoea pubescens BK08518.9

Perennial caudiciform roots, annual vine to 6’+. Furry trilobed leaves. Shiny deep blue morning glory blossoms. Our collection, Pisac, Cusco, Peru, near 10,000′. To our knowledge this is the first introduction of genetics from the Andes into cultivation. Z9b?
5 seed $4

Lycium berlandieri “Desert Wolfberry” “Desert Goji”

Solanaceae. Lightly thorned shrub 2–5′, arching branches, simple gray-green succulent leaves. Small lavender flowers and 1/3″ bright-red round berries. We collected seed south of Tucson, Arizona years ago and a plant has since taken over a part of our greenhouse. Valued by southwest natives as food and medicine. Edible leaves and delicious berries, one of the few palatable species of Lycium from the region. Likely similar in nutritive and medicinal properties to Asian L. barbarum. Extremely drought tolerant. Z9b
5 seed $3.50

For other Lycium see Medicinals/Edibles,  Andean & Chilean offerings

Massonia depressa

Hyacinthaceae. Bulb with pairs of smooth flattened leaves that hug the ground. Unusual shaving brush flowers in the center of the plant, cream to pale pink colored. Dry sandy areas of South Africa. The bulb is reported to be a bush food, edible and tasty. Winter grower that needs a dry summer rest. Z8a
Plant/bulb 3–4 years old $7.50

Mestokloma tuberosum  “Vybossie”

Aizoaceae. Small pachycaul shrub to 3′. Huge thickened caudiciform roots with red-gold peeling bark. Densely branched stems clothed in small succulent leaves. Little copper-orange flowers. South Africa. A famine food for livestock. Much desired by collectors, often bonsaid with the beautiful roots exposed. Z9b/10a
Seed packet $3.25
6″+ plant 2+ years old $9.50

Nolina durangensis  “Durango Bear Grass”

Agavaceae. Very rare Yucca relative with a thickened caudex-like base and several trunks topped with long, slender stiff leaves. Inflorescence with cream colored flowers. Upper elevation Sierra Madre, Durango, Mexico. A unique and wonderful species. Drought and cold hardy. Z8a
Plant 3 years old $7.50 or 3 for $17

Nolina hibernica  “Bear Grass Tree”

Robust arborescent species 6–20′ tall. Rounded terminal rosette of stiff bright green leaves tipped with twisted rugged fibers. Inflorescence 4–8′ high with white flowers. Native to the high mountain pine forests of Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas, Mexico, 8,000–10,500’+. This fantastic cold hardy plant is rare in captivity and will make and excellent landscape specimen with age. Z8a
Plant 3 years old $7.50 or 3 for $17

Nolina parryi ssp. wolfii    “Giant Beargrass”

 Slow growing species  6–12’+ tall. Very thick trunks crowned with globose rosettes of long stiff leaves. Massive feathery inflorescence to 8′ with thousands of cream colored flowers, pleasantly fragrant. A California endemic, seed collected near 4000′, San Bernadino Co. Makes a bold landscape specimen. Extremely drought hardy. Z8a
Plant 2 years old $6.50

Nylandtia spinosa “Skilpadbessie”

Polygalaceae. Showy spiny shrub to 3′. Small oval leaves and pink to purple flowers. Abundant round red edible berries. Said to be a favorite of wild tortoises and birds. A must for exotic fruit connoisseurs. Native to the coastal dunes of the Eastern Cape, South Africa. The leaves and stems are made into tea to aid digestion, treat colds and as a generel tonic. Seeds can take several seasons to germinate, so be patient. Smoke treatment may help. Z8a
10 seed $3.50

Oxalis peduncularis

Oxalidaceae. Clusters of upright succulent stems 4–12″+ tall. Blue-green, swollen succulent leaf petioles tipped with small clover-like leaves that drop in dry conditions. The plant takes on vibrant reddish hues in strong light. Yellow flowers. Native to the warm interAndean valleys of Peru, often growing as a lithophyte on old Incan walls. Can grow quite lush and tall in moist areas. Though non-tuberous it is part of the Oxalis tuberosa alliance, it may have contributed to the development of the cultivated “Oca” and could be potentially useful for future breeding efforts with the crop. Tolerant of hot, dry conditions – a true succulent xerophyte. Z9a/b?
Plant 1–2 years old $9.50 or 2 for $15.50

Oxalis urubambensis “Oca-oca”

A plant to inspire Dr. Seuss. Finger to pencil-thick, wavy, succulent stems 18–30″+ high topped with rounded heads of lightly pubescent, lime-green to blue-green, clover-like leaves on long petioles. Clusters of yellow flowers on slender stalks held above the foliage. Native to rocky slopes of the interAndean valleys of Cusco, Peru. Though non-tuberous, it may be useful for Oca breeding. Drought hardy. Z9b?
4–6″+ plant 1–2 years old $10.50

Pelargonium sidioides “Umckaloaba”

Geraniaceae. Perennial to 6″ with round, silky, downy, silver leaves and small purple black flowers. The tuberous roots are a powerful antibacterial, antiviral, and immunomodulator. Used to treat acute and chronic sinusitis, bronchitis, ear infections and tuberculosis. Commercially cultivated in South Africa and quickly gaining merit in Europe and the USA as a potent, effective medicinal. Easy and highly ornamental. Tolerant of drought. Rooted cuttings. Z8b
5 seed $3
3–5″+ Plant $7.50

Pellaea ternifolia BK101106.3

Polypodiaceae. Xerophytic rock fern with dark brown hairy rhizomes. Leaves with black wiry stems and gray-blue ternate leaflets. Mountains of southern Baja. Oddly, local ranchers call this attractive fern “peyote” and told us that a tea of the rhizome is like “coffee”. Easy to grow, treat like a succulent. In periods of prolonged drought the leaves die off but will resprout from the rhizome when watered. Z9?
Plant 3 years old $9.50

Peperomia boivini

Piperaceae. A handsome trailing species with stems to over 12″ long. Whorls of thick, coin-like, succulent, green leaves. Large lime colored flower spikes. Rare endemic of the Comoros Islands, northwest of Madagascar. Great as a houseplant or in hanging baskets. Rooted cuttings. Z10a
Plant $8.50

Peperomia bracteata ex RM130

Disc-like perennial tuber with annual peltate leaves that hug the ground. Slender green flower spike. Seed originally from Mineral de Chico, Hidalgo, Mexico. Interesting geophytic species, leaves have a pleasing spicy aroma. Z9b
Seed packet $3

Peperomia galapagensis   “Galapagos Congona”

Bright green succulent 3–6″ tall. Creeping to upright multibranched stems. Whorls of 4+ small oval leaves at each internode. Green flower spikes. In bright light the plant will take on reddish hues. Rare endemic of Darwin’s wonderland, the Galapagos Islands. First fondled by the great man and pressed into herbarium sheets in 1835. Grows on rocks and trees, often in moist shaded areas above 300′. Appears to have evolved from P. inaequalifolia of the Andes and the flesh of the plant has a similar superb balsam-citrus scent/flavor. Medicinal like close kin. Rooted cuttings. Z9b/10a
Plant $22.50 (limited)

Peperomia quadrifolia   “Retono”

Upright succulent to 8″ with whorls of 4 leaves, green with reddish undersides.Seed from Veracruz, Mexico. Nice aromatics, used as medicine and a food in some areas of Central America, a refreshing snack! Does fine in a sunny window. Z9b/10a
Seed packet $3

Peperomia maculosa

1–3′ succulent boasting big, shiny dark-green leaves to 6″+ with white veins and purple speckled stems. Dark purple infloresence to 12″, like a rat tail. Forests of Costa Rica up to 6000′. This is one of the showiest larger species and makes an excellent houseplant. The plant is pleasantly aromatic when crushed and likely has medicinal properties. Z10a
Seed packet $3

For many other Peperomia species – see Andean Collections

Pleiospilos bolusii “Dumpiesnuif”

Aizoaceae. Pairs of large succulent gray-green leaves up to 1.5″ thick and 3″ long. Several large yellow to orange flowers bloom from the center of the plant during Autumn. The flowers have a slight coconut scent. Clusters with age. This unusual plant, which somewhat resembles chunks of granite, is native to the Cape Province of South Africa. Reportedly dried and chewed or snuffed for its inebriating properties. Tolerant of some frost if kept dry. Z9b
Seed packet $2.50
1-2″ plant 2+ years old $5.50

Pleiospilos compactus

Develops large clusters of thick fleshy gray-green leaves. Big lemon yellow flowers. Another from South Africa. It likely has similar properties to P. bolusii. Z9b
Seed packet $2.50

Pleiospilos nelii “Split Rock” “Dumpiesnuif”

Pairs of large round succulent gray-green leaves. Orange flowers bloom from the center of the plants during winter. Commonly known as the “split rock” because of its remarkable likeness to a cracked pebble. South Africa. Thought to have the same properties as P. bolusii. Z9b
Seed packet $2.50
1-2″ plant 2+ years old $5.50

Puya species – see Andean and Chilean Collections

Rabiea albinota (=Nananthus albinotus) “S’Keng Keng”

Aizoaceae. Small clump forming succulent with white spotted sickle shaped leaves, thick fleshy roots and yellow flowers. Native to South Africa. The Griquas tribesmen were known to dry and pulverize the whole plant to use as an additive to make tobacco “stronger”. Contemporary reports describe the effects to be similar to Sceletium. Good for the rock garden. Tolerant of high rainfall and cold. Z8a-b
Seed packet $3
Plant 2 years old $8.50

Genus Rhodiola

Crassulaceae. Some 60+ species of fascinating caudex forming perennial succulents with leafy annual flowering stems. Native to the high mountains and near-polar arctic regions across the northern hemisphere. The roots and caudex of many species have a rose-like scent when cut. Venerated for their psychoactive medicinal properties for thousands of years, said to prolong life and enhance spiritual wisdom. Scientific research has focused almost exclusively on R. rosea, shown to have cognitive enhancing, adaptogenic, antioxidant, and a host of other beneficial actions. Other species merit attention, but are extremely rare in cultivation due to their remote habitats. Some may be difficult to grow, but their unusual beauty and beneficial properties makes them worth the effort. Many face imminent extinction due to climatic changes altering their alpine and near glacial environments. This makes the effort to adapt them to cultivation and distribute them to possible new habitats all the more timely. Our efforts to grow them have been mixed, some species expire after a season while others seem to be adapting well. Sow the tiny seeds like cacti. They need a rich, well drained gritty soil, and a bright spot. They prefer regular watering while in active growth. Many species resent heat and can be killed if kept too warm. We find it easiest to grow them in pots and move them to cooler locations during the Summer heat. All species are extremely cold tolerant to at least Zone 7a, some to Z2-3

Rhodiola atropurpurea “Rose Root”

Thick caudex with stems to 12″. Purple-red flowers. Native northern Russia/Siberia. Has magical psychostimulant and medicinal properties similar to R. rosea. Leaves sometimes eaten as a vegetable. Seed from wild populations, Magadan, eastern Russia. Z3a
Sold out

Rhodiola imbricata “Shrolo”

Perennial caudex with short stems to 4″+, lanceolate leaves, pink flowers. Collected by Pavelka near 15,000′, Zanskar, India. This magical plant is traditionally used for cough and has been shown to have antioxidant and strong radioprotective properties. Z4a
Seed packet $4

Rhodiola integrifolia “King’s Crown”

Caudex with multiple succulent stems to 6″ topped with deep red flowers. This North American species is found in mountainous regions, up to 13,000′. Made into tea by native tribes, medicinal like other species. Seed from Rocky Mountain, Colorado populations. Z5a.
Seed packet $4

Rhodiola pachyclados

Rhizomatic species. Small stems to 3″, glaucous rosettes of short notched leaves and white-pink flowers. Native to the mountains of Afghanistan and Pakistan, occuring up to 13,000′. The crushed plant was used for wound healing. One of the easist to grow. Z4b
2″+ plant $6.50

Rhodiola rhodantha “Queen’s Crown”

Caudex with succulent stems to 6″. Narrow leaves and pink flowers. Native to the high altitudes of the Rocky Mountains, USA. Young leaves are eaten and the root has energizing properties. Grow like other species. Z5a
Seed packet $4

Rhodiola rosea “Rose Root”

Rosettes of semi-succulent leaves on 1-2′ stems. Yellow flower heads, and thick caudex that smells of roses when cut. Native to the Arctic regions of Europe and Asia. The roots have been revered for their cognitive enhancing and medicinal properties for at least 2,000 years. Gaining interest here in the west for its powerful psychostimulant, antioxidant and adaptogenic action. Clinical research is showing Rhodiola to be useful for nearly every ailment. Likes bright light but cooler temperatures, avoid Summer heat. Seed from Russia. Z3a
Seed packet $4
Inquire for plants

Rhodiola wallichiana “Cu Jing Hong Jing Tian”

Slowly branching caudex. Narrow lanceolate leaves clothe the numerous annual stems that grow up to 14″ tall, eventually forming a striking mound. Self fertile pale yellow flowers top the stems. Native to open forest and rocky slopes up to 11,000′ in eastern China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and northern India. A garden worthy, adaptable, heat tolerant, medicinal species. The plant takes on a reddish hue in full sun. Z6b
Seed packet $4

Rhodiola yunnanensis ex EDHCH 97073 “Hong Jing Tian”

Caudex with annual stems to 18″ bearing whorls of succulent leaves. Pink-purple flowers on female plants and yellowish on the male. Stems turn red in strong light. Forested mountain slopes from 3-12,000′ in western and northern China. One of the magical plants of China, used in traditional medicine much like R. rosea. Part shade to sun. Easier to grow and more tolerant of heat than R. rosea. Originally from collections made in Sichuan Province. Z7a
Seed packet $4

Rhodiola sp. ex 03 CH165

Rhizomatic stems to 6″, bright yellow flowers. From seed originally collected by H. Hansen in China. Easy to grow. Z6a
Seed packet $3

Genus Sceletium

Aizoaceae. A small genus of low growing succulent shrubs endemic to the karroid areas of Western, Eastern and Northern Cape Provinces, South Africa. The succulent leaves grow in pairs and eventually die away leaving persistent leaf vein skeletons clothing the lower stems, which protect the plants from adverse environmental conditions. The small flowers vary in color from white to yellow and occasionally pale orange or pink. Sceletium have a variety of uses in ethnomedicine, being rich in mesembrine alkaloids. A fermented and dried preperation of S. tortuosum and other species is known as “Kougoed” and has been used since prehistoric times as a safe and beneficial inebrient. Most of the species are practically unknown in cultivation and endangered in habitat. Sceletium is easily grown, sprout seeds as you would for cacti. Seeds may come up irregularly over several months and fluctuation between day and night temperatures as well as periodic drying out seems to help germination. Mature plants root easily from cuttings. Regular succulent culture. Sceletium can become weedy if overwatered and overfed. All should be hardy to Z9a and below if kept dry.

Sceletium emarcidum  “Kanna” “Kougoed”

A small creeping groundcover with pairs of pale-green, iridescent, succulent leaves. White flowers. Has the same medicinal/antidepressant use as the more common S. tortuosum. Seed is slow to sprout, give alternate wet  then dry, or try GA3. Z9b
10 seed $3
Plant $8.50
Unrooted cutting $6.50

Sceletium joubertii SB 979

A sprawling groundcover with pale green succulent leaves. Shiny white yellow flowers bloom winter to early summer. A medicinal species, similar in appearance to S. tortuosum, but with a different biochemical makeup. Originally collected by Steve Brack near Bloutering, Little Karoo, South Africa.
Plant $8.50 (on backorder)
Unrooted cutting $6.50

Sceletium rigidum

A small upright growing shrub with attractive lime green leaves that turn purplish in full sun. The large water cells on the surface of the leaves gives them a gem-like appearance. Iridescent pure white flowers. Very rarely seen in cultivation.
10 seed $3
Plant $8.50
Unrooted cutting $6.50

Sceletium subvelutinum

Low growing succulent shrub with flattened and elongated gray-green leaves. Thick tuberous caudex forming roots and large flowers, yellow to pale orange in color. A rare and unusual species with a unique chemical composition.
Seed packet $3.50
Plant $8.50
Unrooted cutting $6.50 or 4 for $20

Sceletium tortuosum “Kougoed” “Kanna”

Small sprawling shrub with flat, pale green leaves. Shiny white flowers. The San and Khoi people of South Africa have a long history of using the plant as a hunger and thirst suppressant, analgesic, treatment for colic, and most importantly as a highly esteemed inebriant. The traditional manner of preparation is as follows: The whole plant is crushed between rocks, then placed in a bag and put in the sun to sweat. After a week of “fermenting” the “Kougoed” is removed from the bag and spread out to dry completely. Sceletium is known to contain potentially harmful amounts of oxalic acids which the preparation process is thought to reduce. The prepared dried material is chewed, smoked or occasionally taken as a tea or snuff. The effects are reported as quite pleasant and relaxing, decreasing anxiety, stress and tension. No severe adverse effects have been reported, even from chronic use of the plant. In fact, indigenous healers are known to use “Kougoed” to successfully treat alcoholism. Recent pharmacological research has shown Sceletium to be highly complex chemically, with as many as 9 alkaloids that are found to fluctuate seasonally. Modern science is looking at the anxiolytic and antidepressant properties of Sceletium alkaloids as well as their potential anti-cancer activity. Sceletium is now being marketed as a safe natural supplement to elevate and regulate mood. Plant gatherers have observed that wild populations of S. tortuosum are becoming increasingly scarce, likely due to over collection. Protection through cultivation is encouraged.
Seed packet $4
Plant $10
Unrooted cutting $7.50 or 4 for $25

Sceletium sp. nova

A new species similar to Sceletium tortuosum and S. emarcidum but with smaller lime green leaves, more sprawling habit and vigorous growth. Small white-yellow flowers. Shown to have the same medicinal activity as S. tortuosum.
Seed packet $4
Plant $8.50 (on backorder)
Unrooted cutting $6.50

Sedum niveum       CA Native

Crassulaceae. Miniature clumps of succulent leaves and large white flowers splashed red. Rarely exceeds 2″ tall and 6″ wide. This alpine species is found between 7-10,000′ in the mountains of San Bernadino and Riverside County, CA and Baja. This diminutive gem is scarce in cultivation and considered endangered. Z7a-b
Seed packet $2.50
1.5″+ plant 3 years old $5.50

Sedum sempervivoides

Perfectly symmetrical traingular gray-green leaves in a rosette to 4″. Blood red flowers. Native to the Caucasus Mountains. A monocarpic biennial. The plant can be kept perennial by beheading after the first year to force offsets. Prefers mineral soil and sun. One of the most unique and attractive members of this large and varied genus. Z6b
Seed packet $2.50

Sedum spathulifolium       CA Native

Mat-forming succulent with slender stems and rosettes of small flat gray green leaves. Clusters of star shaped yellow flowers. Northern California native found growing on cliffs and rocky areas. Used traditionally to aid child birth and soothe fussy babies. Practically self propagating. Nice as a groundcover or in hanging baskets. Collections from western Sonoma County populations. Z7b
Seed packet $2
3 cuttings $4

Sedum valens

Crassulaceae. Clusters of 2–3′ rosettes of densely arranged small gray-green leaves. Cluster of bright yellow flowers. Monocarpic. A newly described species from Salmon River Canyon central Idaho. Beautiful and distinct. Surface sow seed. Z5b
Seed packet $3.75

Silene undulata (=Silene capensis) “Xhosa Dream Herb”

Caryophyllaceae. A low growing perennial with soft pubescent leaves, succulent roots and unusual white tubular flowers. Native to South Africa. The downy leaves are smoked as a tobacco and the Xhosa have made use of the roots to induce “dreaming.” A nice addition to the rock garden or borders. Surface sow the seed. Easy, drought tolerant. Z8b
Seed packet $3.50
Plant 2 years old $8.50

Sinningia allagophylla

Gesneriaceae. Disc-shaped tuber/caudex, upright stems to 1–2′, furry bright green leaves. Tubular red flowers. Rare, sun loving, Brazilian species. Tubers contain anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory compounds. Regular succulent care. Dies back to the tuber in cold or drought. Z9b?
Plant 1–2 years old $6.50

Sinningia sellovi

Perennial caudex to 6″ across from which arise dark-green leaves with stiff fuzzy hairs. 3′ arching spikes bearing numerous orange to pink pendant flowers that drive hummingbirds wild. Native to Argentina and Brazil. Does best with good drainage and a bright sunny spot. An excellent container plant. Dies back to the tuber after hard frost. Surface sow the tiny seed. Z7b.
Seed packet $3

Sinningia striata

Perennial tuber/caudex with deciduous stems to 12″ with beautiful dark green fuzzy leaves with purple-red undersides. Clusters of gorgeous pale pink to cream colored tubular flowers with red striations. Rocky habitat, Pedra Branca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Succulent culture, strong bright light for best growth and flowering. Z9b at least.
Plant 1+ years old $6.50

Stephania rotunda  “Biralgano”

Menispermaceae. Large hemispherical gray caudex to several feet across. Deciduous twining vines with attractive rounded peltate leaves. Small flowers followed by red berries. Native to thickets and cloud forests from the Indian Himalayas to Southeast Asia, up to 8000′. Alkaloid rich, the plant is used throughout its range for sprains, stomach ache, liver health, fevers, to enhance memory and promote deep sleep. In Nepal the caudex is fed to sick cattle. Recent studies show antioxidant, anticancer and antimalarial activity. Should tolerate some frost if well mulched. 6-10+ weeks to sprout. Z9b?
5 seed $3.75
Inquire for plants

Sutherlandia frutescens “Cancer Bush”

Fabaceae. A small attractive shrub up to 3′ tall. Hairy silver leaves divided into numerous small leaflets. Large crimson colored flowers followed by inflated, bladder like seed pods. Native to South Africa, Botswana and Namibia. One of the most important South African medicinals, the leaves and young stems are a panacea, utilized for treating stomach ailments, cancers, colds, diabetes, inflammations, liver and kidney cleansing, etc. Seeds and leaves of this adaptogen are even smoked as a dagga substitute in Namaqualand. Easy to grow, prefers good drainage and regular feedings. Z8a-b
10 seed $3.50

Talbotia elegans (=Xerophyta elegans)

Velloziaceae. Forms small rosettes of stiff green leaves to about 10″. White to pink star shaped flowers borne on thin stems. Native to shady forest areas of the Drakensberg Mountains of South Africa. The plant is tolerant of near total desiccation, reviving quickly when water becomes available. Easy, part to full shade and regular water for best growth. Z8b
2″+ plant 3+ years old $8.50 (limited)

Tylosema esculenta  “Marama”

Fabaceae. Huge underground tuber/caudex, up to several feet. Sprawling tendrilled vine with large rounded leaves and racemes of yellow pea flowers. Pods with large brown seed. Native to southern Africa where the large nutritious seeds and tuber are an important food source. The tuber is also used medicinally for a variety of ailments and considered efficacious for backache. Has unexplored potential as a food crop for arid regions. Well draining sandy soil and dry winter dormancy. Z8b if well mulched.
Plant 1 year old $16.50 (Limited)

Tylosema fassoglense  “Marama” “Bassac”

Fabaceae. A caudiciphiles delight. Forms a huge underground tuber, up to several feet with age. Annual trailing vines with large, bilobed, rounded leaves and racemes of yellow to pink pea flowers. Pods with large brown edible seeds. Native to southern Africa where the large nutritious seeds and tuber are an important food source. Z9a if well mulched.
sold out

Urera baccifera  “Chichicaste” “Ortiga Brava”

Urticaceae. Dioecious pachycaul shrub to small tree, 4–15′ tall. Serrated leaves 5–10″ across. Purplish inflorescence, clusters of white to pink edible fruit, said to be spongy yet juicy. A surprisingly attractive nettle relative from tropical Central and South America. The swollen trunk and leaves are covered in prickles that have a relatively mild and short lived sting similar to common nettle. The leaves of the plant are edible and have been shown to have antiinflammatory and antiviral activity. Natives of Costa Rica have been known to flagellate themselves with the plant to keep warm when hiking the high mountains. The stems were made into paper by the Aztec. The plant produces pearl bodies on its leaves for several species of ants with which it has a mutualistic relationship. Prefers well draining moist soil, tolerant of drier succulent conditions as well. Easy to bonsai. Z10a
Seed packet $3.25
5–6″+ plant 2 years old $6.50

Vellozia sp.

Velloziaceae. Grass like clumps of stiff leaves to 1′. Dark purple-black star flowers are held above the foliage on slender stalks. One of many interesting Brazilian species. Normal succulent care. Z10a
Seed packet $3.50

Xerophyta dasylirioides

Velloziaceae. 12″ high clumps of upright stems topped with a rosette of stiff, thin green leaves. Lilac colored flowers on slender stalks. Endemic to the rocky mountains of Antoungoun, southwestern Madagascar. Looks like a cluster of dwarf palm trees. Probably medicinal like the South African species. Drought hardy. Sprout like cacti, may benefit from smoke treatment. Z10a?
Seed packet $4
2-3″ plant 2 years old $11.50

Yucca aloifolia SHL091023.2 “Spanish Bayonet”

Agavaceae or Liliaceae. Single stemmed or simply branched shrub to small tree, 3-20’+. Slender pointed leaves to 20″ long. 12″ inflorescences bearing many white edible flowers and fleshy purple, edible fruit. Native to Mexico, the Caribbean, and southeastern USA. Seed collected in North Carolina and therefore should be of hardy stock. Traditionally used as a fiber plant, the roots as a soap. One of the oldest Yucca in cultivation, since at least 1605. A great landscape specimen. Z6b
Seed packet $2.50

Yucca angustissima RMRP2943-JC  “Narrow Leaf Dwarf Yucca”

Dwarf species to 16–30″+ tall. Rounded heads of very slender leaves 1–2′ long with fibrous white margins. 3–4’+ inflorescense with egg shaped cream colored blooms with purplish sepals, pollinated by moths. Southwestern USA. The young fruits were baked and eaten by several tribes. Flowers also have good edibility and the young shoots can be peeled and cooked like asparagus. The Coyotero Apache used the plant for insect and snake bites. The leaf fibers were made into cordage, mats, etc. Leaves were woven into fireplace hoods by the Hopi. The roots make a good soap and were used in marriage ceremonies by the Oraibi. A very hardy plant. Z5a
Plant 2+ years old $6.50

Yucca elata BK11224.1 “Soaptree Yucca”

Branched arborescent species 5 to 30′ tall. Dense radial heads of thin leaves to 3′ long with smooth white margins. 3 to 7′ tall flower stalk with fragrant white blossoms, the state flower of New Mexico. Native to northern Mexico and southwestern USA. Our seed collection from southwestern NM. The leaf fibers were utilized for making all manner of things, from sandals to baskets. The flowers, fruits and seeds were cooked and eaten by the Apache and other tribes. A sweet product was made from the flesh of young stems that were baked, dried then softened in water to eat. The leaves were once widely chewed, but whether this was for nourishment, a pleasurable effect or just simply to process the fibers for cordage is unclear. Like other species, the roots are saponin rich and make an excellent soap. Sun, drought and cold hardy. Z6b
Plant 2 years old $6.50

 Yucca baccata “Datil” “Amole”      CA Native

Forms stemless rosettes of many stiff, spine tipped leaves up to 3′ long and 2″ wide. A flower stalk up to 5′ tall arises from the center of the plant. Clusters of large creamy white flowers followed by fleshy, banana like fruits that grow to 5″ long. Grows throughout the south west United States and northern Mexico. Has been utilized since prehistoric times by Native Americans. The leaves and leaf fiber were used for making baskets, ropes and a multitude of other weavings. Boiling the roots makes an excellent soap that is still popular today. The edible flowers and fruits were also an important food source. Easy from seed, plant 0.5″ deep and keep warm. Z9a
Seed packet $2

Yucca brevifolia “Joshua Tree”      CA Native

Forms an unusual and beautiful tree up to 30′ tall. Corky gray bark and curved branches ending in rosettes of sharp narrow 14″ long leaves. The numerous fleshy greenish-white flowers are borne on foot long panicles that arise from the center of the rosettes, followed by egg shaped green fruits. Native to the Mojave desert. A slow growing plant that is known to live for several hundred years. The name Joshua tree comes from Mormon pioneers who associated its grotesque shape with the biblical Joshua raising his arms in prayer. The flowers and seeds were once an important food of the indians living in the Mojave and fiber from the roots was used in basket making. Z9a
Seed packet $2

Yucca endlichiana  “Pi-tilla”

Rare dwarf species to 1–2’+ tall with caudex-like rhizomes. Thick, upright glaucous blue-green leaves ornamented with dark flecks and reddish margins. The short inflorescence arise near the base of the plant, dark red flowers with white interiors. Endemic to very dry limestone soils in limited area of the Chihuahuan Desert, southern Coahuila, Mexico, 3300–3900′. The leaf fibers are reported to be of excellent quality for weaving. One of the most unusual, choice and collectible Yucca species. Makes a beautiful potted specimen or slow growing groundcover in hot, dry regions. Z8a/b if dry.
Seed packet $3.75 Inquire for plants

Yucca harrimaniae

Small rosettes of thin blue-green leaves. Flower stalks to 2’+ with greenish white blossoms. From seed collected in Wayne Co., Utah, 4,600′. Used as food, fiber, soap, etc. like other species. Great in the rock garden.Extremely cold hardy dwarf Yucca to Z5a.
Plant 2-3 years old $6.50

Yucca neomexicana JRT251

Another attractive dwarf species, this is from the smallest known population, rosettes to no more than 8″ diameter. Slender blue-green leaves. Cimmaron Co., Oklahoma, 3600′. Similar use as other species. Z6b
Plant 2-3 years old $6.50

Yucca rostrata

Upright single trunk to 15′ tall with up to several hemispherical heads of slender bluish leaves. 2′ inflorescence with white flowers. Native to northern Mexico and west Texas. As with other species the leaves are a source of strong fiber and the blossoms and fruit edible. This is one of the most attractive arborescent Yucca and is an excellent and versatile hardy landscape plant. Z7b
Seed packet $2.75
Plant 1-2 years old $6.50

Yucca schidigera       CA Native

Single or clustering trunk 4′ to 15′ tall. Sharp rigid yellow-green leaves 2-4′ long. The flower panicles are usually held within the leaves and bear 1-2″ cream colored flowers often with a lavender hue. Native primarily to the Mojave Desert. The flowers and seed were eaten, the leaves made into a strong durable fiber and the roots for making an excellent natural soap. Extremely drought hardy. Z6a
Seed packet $2.75

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